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HPER71-113: Generating Evidence Using Research Methods January 2022 [Mixed (Face-to-Face) - .]

General information

The “scientific” response to the Covid-19 pandemic has shown that most research does not advance science. In fact, it is estimated that 85% of research is avoidably wasted. Reasons include research that is not published, or that does not address an important research question, or is of poor quality. This subject is for students who wish to develop good research questions and design high-quality studies. It complements the Evidence Based Practice and Policy subject, giving you more in-depth knowledge about the different primary research study designs and their contribution to the strength of evidence in a field. This subject will guide you to be able to construct a high-quality research protocol to a publishable standard.


Academic unit:Faculty of Health Sciences and Medicine
Subject code:HPER71-113
Subject title:Generating Evidence Using Research Methods
Subject level:Postgraduate
Semester/Year:January 2022
Credit points:10

Delivery & attendance

Delivery mode:

Mixed (Face-to-Face)

Workload items:
  • Workshop: x3 (Total hours: 24) - Intensive workshops
  • Directed Online Activity: x10 (Total hours: 20) - Self-paced online tutorials
  • Personal Study Hours: x12 (Total hours: 76) - Personal study
Attendance and learning activities: Students will have access to 10 weeks of self-paced online tutorials and are required to attend 3 x 1-day intensive workshops over the semester.


Prescribed resources: No Prescribed resources. After enrolment, students can check the Books and Tools area in iLearn for the full Resource List.
[email protected] & Email:[email protected] is the online learning environment at Bond University and is used to provide access to subject materials, lecture recordings and detailed subject information regarding the subject curriculum, assessment and timing. Both iLearn and the Student Email facility are used to provide important subject notifications. Additionally, official correspondence from the University will be forwarded to students’ Bond email account and must be monitored by the student.

To access these services, log on to the Student Portal from the Bond University website as

Enrolment requirements

Requisites: ?


Assumed knowledge:

Assumed knowledge is the minimum level of knowledge of a subject area that students are assumed to have acquired through previous study. It is the responsibility of students to ensure they meet the assumed knowledge expectations of the subject. Students who do not possess this prior knowledge are strongly recommended against enrolling and do so at their own risk. No concessions will be made for students’ lack of prior knowledge.

HPER71-110 Evidence Based Practice and Policy or equivalent

Restrictions: ? This subject is not available to
  • Students on US Financial Aid
  • Students on a Student Visa who have already completed one third (33%) of their total program online.

Assurance of learning

Assurance of Learning means that universities take responsibility for creating, monitoring and updating curriculum, teaching and assessment so that students graduate with the knowledge, skills and attributes they need for employability and/or further study.

At Bond University, we carefully develop subject and program outcomes to ensure that student learning in each subject contributes to the whole student experience. Students are encouraged to carefully read and consider subject and program outcomes as combined elements.

Program Learning Outcomes (PLOs)

Program Learning Outcomes provide a broad and measurable set of standards that incorporate a range of knowledge and skills that will be achieved on completion of the program. If you are undertaking this subject as part of a degree program, you should refer to the relevant degree program outcomes and graduate attributes as they relate to this subject.

Find your program

Subject Learning Outcomes (SLOs)

On successful completion of this subject the learner will be able to:
  1. Develop a primary research question (using PICO) and identify relevant evidence.
  2. Select and justify a study design to address a primary research question.
  3. Critically appraise the protocols of an appropriate study design.
  4. Construct a study protocol to answer a specific primary research question.


Assessment details

TypeTask%Timing*Outcomes assessed
Presentation PICO question 30% Week 4 1, 2.
Written Report Critically appraise a protocol (3000 words) 30% Week 8 3.
Written Report Develop a research project protocol (3000 words) 40% Week 12 1, 2, 4.
  • * Assessment timing is indicative of the week that the assessment is due or begins (where conducted over multiple weeks), and is based on the standard University academic calendar
  • C = Students must reach a level of competency to successfully complete this assessment.

Assessment criteria

High Distinction 85-100 Outstanding or exemplary performance in the following areas: interpretative ability; intellectual initiative in response to questions; mastery of the skills required by the subject, general levels of knowledge and analytic ability or clear thinking.
Distinction 75-84 Usually awarded to students whose performance goes well beyond the minimum requirements set for tasks required in assessment, and who perform well in most of the above areas.
Credit 65-74 Usually awarded to students whose performance is considered to go beyond the minimum requirements for work set for assessment. Assessable work is typically characterised by a strong performance in some of the capacities listed above.
Pass 50-64 Usually awarded to students whose performance meets the requirements set for work provided for assessment.
Fail 0-49 Usually awarded to students whose performance is not considered to meet the minimum requirements set for particular tasks. The fail grade may be a result of insufficient preparation, of inattention to assignment guidelines or lack of academic ability. A frequent cause of failure is lack of attention to subject or assignment guidelines.

Quality assurance

For the purposes of quality assurance, Bond University conducts an evaluation process to measure and document student assessment as evidence of the extent to which program and subject learning outcomes are achieved. Some examples of student work will be retained for potential research and quality auditing purposes only. Any student work used will be treated confidentially and no student grades will be affected.

Study information

Submission procedures

Students must check the [email protected] subject site for detailed assessment information and submission procedures.

Policy on late submission and extensions

A late penalty will be applied to all overdue assessment tasks unless an extension is granted by the subject coordinator. The standard penalty will be 10% of marks awarded to that assessment per day late with no assessment to be accepted seven days after the due date. Where a student is granted an extension, the penalty of 10% per day late starts from the new due date.

Policy on plagiarism

The University’s Academic Integrity Policy defines plagiarism as the act of misrepresenting as one’s own original work: another’s ideas, interpretations, words, or creative works; and/or one’s own previous ideas, interpretations, words, or creative work without acknowledging that it was used previously (i.e., self-plagiarism). The University considers the act of plagiarising to be a breach of the Student Conduct Code and, therefore, subject to the Discipline Regulations which provide for a range of penalties including the reduction of marks or grades, fines and suspension from the University.

Bond University utilises Originality Reporting software to inform academic integrity.

Feedback on assessment

Feedback on assessment will be provided to students within two weeks of the assessment submission due date, as per the Assessment Policy.

Disability support

If you have a disability, illness, injury or health condition that impacts your capacity to complete studies, exams or assessment tasks, it is important you let us know your special requirements, early in the semester. Students will need to make an application for support and submit it with recent, comprehensive documentation at an appointment with a Disability Officer. Students with a disability are encouraged to contact the Disability Office at the earliest possible time, to meet staff and learn about the services available to meet your specific needs. Please note that late notification or failure to disclose your disability can be to your disadvantage as the University cannot guarantee support under such circumstances.

Subject curriculum

Learn how to use PICO (Population, Intervention, Comparator, Outcome) to develop your own research questions.

Gain sufficient knowledge of different study designs to enable you to choose which design best fits your research question.

Develop skills in searching electronic bibliographic databases to obtain relevant studies related to your research question.

Deep dive into randomised controlled trials (RCTs), the gold standard method for answering intervention research questions.

Are cohort studies just RCTs without randomisation? Deep dive into cohort studies including why they rank lower than RCTs in terms of level of evidence.

Further your understanding of observational studies with a focus on studies that collect information at a single point in time.

Learn how to collect and work with non-numerical data to understand and explain specific perspectives of targeted populations or places; as well as how to combine qualitative and quantitative methods for research.

Critically appraise published protocols and develop your own protocol for your proposed research study.

Develop your statistical analysis skills, sufficient to begin running your own analyses of continuous and binary outcomes.

Through the use of interviews with a variety of experienced researchers you will gain insights into the practical aspects of how to manage a research project.

Approved on: Nov 5, 2021. Edition: 6.1
Last updated: Dec 2, 2021.