This subject provides students with an advanced understanding of the role that biomechanics plays in sport, health and exercise performance and injury risk, with a particular emphasis on human gait and resistance training as a form of exercise prescription. To achieve the overall aim, a variety of qualitative and quantitative data collection and analysis approaches will be explored to improve practical skills. This approach will challenge students to further develop the ability to select and utilise appropriate data collection and analysis techniques, and apply relevant concepts and principles when interpreting the data to improve physical performance and reduce injury risk for athletic and clinical populations.
|Academic unit:||Faculty of Health Sciences and Medicine|
|Subject title:||Advanced Biomechanics of Exercise and Sport|
Delivery & attendance
|Prescribed resources:|| |
|[email protected] & Email:||[email protected] is the online learning environment at Bond University and is used to provide access to subject materials, lecture recordings and detailed subject information regarding the subject curriculum, assessment and timing. Both iLearn and the Student Email facility are used to provide important subject notifications. Additionally, official correspondence from the University will be forwarded to students’ Bond email account and must be monitored by the student.|
To access these services, log on to the Student Portal from the Bond University website as www.bond.edu.au
There are no co-requisites.
Assurance of learning
Assurance of Learning means that universities take responsibility for creating, monitoring and updating curriculum, teaching and assessment so that students graduate with the knowledge, skills and attributes they need for employability and/or further study.
At Bond University, we carefully develop subject and program outcomes to ensure that student learning in each subject contributes to the whole student experience. Students are encouraged to carefully read and consider subject and program outcomes as combined elements.
Program Learning Outcomes (PLOs)
Program Learning Outcomes provide a broad and measurable set of standards that incorporate a range of knowledge and skills that will be achieved on completion of the program. If you are undertaking this subject as part of a degree program, you should refer to the relevant degree program outcomes and graduate attributes as they relate to this subject.
Subject Learning Outcomes (SLOs)
On successful completion of this subject the learner will be able to:
- Construct and perform relevant qualitative and/or quantitative analyses of human movement.
- Integrate and apply relevant biomechanical, motor control and learning principles when interpreting data obtained during qualitative and/or quantitative analyses in order to assess movement asymmetry, increase performance and minimise injury risk.
- Identify, review and apply the findings of research literature to improve human performance and/or reduce injury risk.
- Describe and apply the principles of biomechanics, functional anatomy and motor control to assess normal and dysfunctional movement patterns that may impact on human performance and/or injury risk in a range of populations.
- Design and develop appropriate practice conditions and exercises to improve and progress human performance and minimise injury risk.
|Laboratory Report||2 x Laboratory Report||30%||Ongoing||1, 2, 4, 5.|
|*Client Briefing||Debate - 8 mins||30%||Week 6||1, 2, 4, 5.|
|Written Report||Asymmetry Report - 4 page limit||20%||Week 11||1, 2, 3, 4, 5.|
|Computer-aided Test (Closed)||Computer-aided test||20%||Week 12||1, 2, 3, 4, 5.|
- * Assessment timing is indicative of the week that the assessment is due or begins (where conducted over multiple weeks), and is based on the standard University academic calendar
- C = Students must reach a level of competency to successfully complete this assessment.
|High Distinction||85-100||Outstanding or exemplary performance in the following areas: interpretative ability; intellectual initiative in response to questions; mastery of the skills required by the subject, general levels of knowledge and analytic ability or clear thinking.|
|Distinction||75-84||Usually awarded to students whose performance goes well beyond the minimum requirements set for tasks required in assessment, and who perform well in most of the above areas.|
|Credit||65-74||Usually awarded to students whose performance is considered to go beyond the minimum requirements for work set for assessment. Assessable work is typically characterised by a strong performance in some of the capacities listed above.|
|Pass||50-64||Usually awarded to students whose performance meets the requirements set for work provided for assessment.|
|Fail||0-49||Usually awarded to students whose performance is not considered to meet the minimum requirements set for particular tasks. The fail grade may be a result of insufficient preparation, of inattention to assignment guidelines or lack of academic ability. A frequent cause of failure is lack of attention to subject or assignment guidelines.|
For the purposes of quality assurance, Bond University conducts an evaluation process to measure and document student assessment as evidence of the extent to which program and subject learning outcomes are achieved. Some examples of student work will be retained for potential research and quality auditing purposes only. Any student work used will be treated confidentially and no student grades will be affected.
Students must check the [email protected] subject site for detailed assessment information and submission procedures.
Policy on late submission and extensions
A late penalty will be applied to all overdue assessment tasks unless an extension is granted by the subject coordinator. The standard penalty will be 10% of marks awarded to that assessment per day late with no assessment to be accepted seven days after the due date. Where a student is granted an extension, the penalty of 10% per day late starts from the new due date.
Policy on plagiarism
University’s Academic Integrity Policy defines plagiarism as the act of misrepresenting as one’s own original work: another’s ideas, interpretations, words, or creative works; and/or one’s own previous ideas, interpretations, words, or creative work without acknowledging that it was used previously (i.e., self-plagiarism). The University considers the act of plagiarising to be a breach of the Student Conduct Code and, therefore, subject to the Discipline Regulations which provide for a range of penalties including the reduction of marks or grades, fines and suspension from the University.
Feedback on assessment
Feedback on assessment will be provided to students within two weeks of the assessment submission due date, as per the Assessment Policy.
If you have a disability, illness, injury or health condition that impacts your capacity to complete studies, exams or assessment tasks, it is important you let us know your special requirements, early in the semester. Students will need to make an application for support and submit it with recent, comprehensive documentation at an appointment with a Disability Officer. Students with a disability are encouraged to contact the Disability Office at the earliest possible time, to meet staff and learn about the services available to meet your specific needs. Please note that late notification or failure to disclose your disability can be to your disadvantage as the University cannot guarantee support under such circumstances.
We start off advanced biomechanics with a quick revision of the key biomechanics principles introduced last year. These principles will be integrated in an applied fashion in all subsequent topics so it is important to be on top of the principles.
The first application of biomechanics will be in the analysis of gait. Qualitative and quantitative approaches to gait analysis will be investigated along with various technologies that are available to assist with gait analysis. Once normal gait analysis has been investigated we will look at stages in the life where gait may undergo dramatic changes. During the laboratory you will design and execute a gait analysis over two weeks as part of your alb book assessment.
We will begin to investigate the topic of asymmetries and the implications for exercise, sport and injury in the form of a practice debate. This will allow you to practice the skills required for your debate assessment in the context of a real issue in sport and exercise which has no right answer.
For the majority of the population, exercise is a means to stay healthy and to live their best life. For most this is maintaining the ability to carry out activities of daily living. There are a number of life events which can alter the biomechanical demands of activities of daily living, understanding how these life events or milestones impact movement is important for injury prevention consideration and should also be considered when training individuals for sports.
Cycling is a unique movement in that it is repetative, cyclical and has restrictions to movement based on the points of attachment with the bicycle. The need to direct force in a particular direction also changes the neuromuscular demands of the task and provides a nice introduction into an important role of biarticular muscles. You will design and execute a cycling analysis for your second lab book assessment over two weeks.
Movement at the interface between two fluids provides some unique physics challenges that the swimmer must over come in order to maximise their performance. We will investigate swimming biomechanics and the challenges involved in studying it as well as the biomechanics of common swimming injuries during this topic.
In many sports we add an implement with which we strike the ball. The addition of an implement changes the biomechanical problem that needs to be solved in order to maximise performance and understand injuries. Your final lab book assessment will be a biomechanical analysis of a striking sport.
Biomechanical analysis of combat sports is still in its infancy. To succeed in combat sports however, timing, power and velocity are all aspects that need to be maximised. The advancement of sports technology and ability to measure impacts at high speed is making it possible to assess these movements. We will look at some PhD research of punching and kicking as a real world example of biomechanics research.
In this topic we will look at what happens when movement breaks down and the biomechanics , performance and injury implications of movement conditions on individuals.
We finish off the semester with a look at parathletes, the classification systems and the implications for parathletes. We will look to integrate knowledge of anatomy, physiology, biomechanics and motor control into understanding the challenges a parathlete may face and coming up with creative ways to address these challenges.