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HRTM71-220: Sustainable Tourism and Indigenous Cultures January 2020 [Standard]

General information

This subject is designed to introduce you to the concepts associated with sustainability, stakeholder involvement, and Indigenous culture interpretation in a tourism context. Key issues relating to the environmental, cultural and ethical issues involved in tourism development, the packaging of tourism products, the use of tourism resources and changing consumer preferences, are explored in the context of the overall tourism system. Theoretical knowledge and concepts will be brought to life through case studies, guest speakers, case studies and other experiential activities. 


Academic unit:Bond Business School
Subject code:HRTM71-220
Subject title:Sustainable Tourism and Indigenous Cultures
Subject level:Postgraduate
Semester/Year:January 2020
Credit points:10

Delivery & attendance

Delivery mode:


Workload items:
  • Seminar: x12 (Total hours: 24) - Seminar 1
  • Seminar: x12 (Total hours: 24) - Seminar 2
  • Personal Study Hours: x12 (Total hours: 72) - Study time including review of materials.
Attendance and learning activities: Attendance at all class sessions is expected. Students are expected to notify the instructor of any absences with as much advance notice as possible.


Prescribed resources:
  • Miller, Robert J. (2005). The Doctrine of Discovery in American Indian Law.
  • TUI Group (2015). Better Holidays, Better World - Sustainability Strategy 2015 - 2020.
  • The George Washington University International Institute of Tourism Studies, G Adventures and the Planeterra Foundation (2017). Indigenous People and the travel industry: Global Good Practice Guidelines..
  • World BAnk (2017). Tourism for Development..
  • World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and United Nations Global Compact Network Spain (2016). The tourism sector and the Sustainable Development Goals – Responsible tourism, a global commitment.
  • United Nations Economic & Social Council: Doctrine of Discovery..
  • United Nations Environment Programme & UN World Tourism Organisation (2005). Making Tourism More Sustainable - A Guide for Policy Makers.
After enrolment, students can check the Books and Tools area in iLearn for the full Resource List.
[email protected] & Email:[email protected] is the online learning environment at Bond University and is used to provide access to subject materials, lecture recordings and detailed subject information regarding the subject curriculum, assessment and timing. Both iLearn and the Student Email facility are used to provide important subject notifications. Additionally, official correspondence from the University will be forwarded to students’ Bond email account and must be monitored by the student.

To access these services, log on to the Student Portal from the Bond University website as

Enrolment requirements

Requisites: ?


Restrictions: ?


Assurance of learning

Assurance of Learning means that universities take responsibility for creating, monitoring and updating curriculum, teaching and assessment so that students graduate with the knowledge, skills and attributes they need for employability and/or further study.

At Bond University, we carefully develop subject and program outcomes to ensure that student learning in each subject contributes to the whole student experience. Students are encouraged to carefully read and consider subject and program outcomes as combined elements.

Program Learning Outcomes (PLOs)

Program Learning Outcomes provide a broad and measurable set of standards that incorporate a range of knowledge and skills that will be achieved on completion of the program. If you are undertaking this subject as part of a degree program, you should refer to the relevant degree program outcomes and graduate attributes as they relate to this subject.

Find your program

Subject Learning Outcomes (SLOs)

On successful completion of this subject the learner will be able to:
  1. Analyse and describe the key concepts related to sustainable tourism and Indigenous cultures.
  2. Critically evaluate the development, roles and functions involved in the sustainable development of destinations, recognising the conflicts between the various stakeholders involved and the dynamics of the tourism industry.
  3. Critique the political, economic, social, technological and environmental factors influencing tourism development using relevant concept and theories.
  4. Identify and discuss the multi-faceted impact (e.g., economic, cultural, environmental) of tourism development.
  5. Determine the benefits and costs of tourism development on Indigenous cultures and the role of relevant stakeholders
  6. Articulate ideas, decisions, recommendations and other information in a clear, concise professional writing style.


Assessment details

TypeTask%Timing*Outcomes assessed
*Class Participation Preparation for and participation in all class activities (e.g., case studies, discussions, guest speakers). Students are also encouraged to maintain a learning log. 20% Ongoing 1, 2, 3, 4, 5.
*In-Class Quiz - Individual In class quiz to assess learning progress to date. 10% Week 4 1, 2.
*In-Class Quiz - Individual In class quiz to assess learning progress to date. 10% Week 8 1, 2.
Written Report Prepare a written report broadly and thoroughly evaluating the impact of a tourism activity and provide recommendations for enhancing its future sustainability. 40% Week 10 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6.
Essay Write a reflective essay on your perspectives on sustainable tourism and how they have been influenced by your experiences in this subject. 20% Week 12 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6.
  • * Assessment timing is indicative of the week that the assessment is due or begins (where conducted over multiple weeks), and is based on the standard University academic calendar
  • C = Students must reach a level of competency to successfully complete this assessment.

Assessment criteria

High Distinction 85-100 Outstanding or exemplary performance in the following areas: interpretative ability; intellectual initiative in response to questions; mastery of the skills required by the subject, general levels of knowledge and analytic ability or clear thinking.
Distinction 75-84 Usually awarded to students whose performance goes well beyond the minimum requirements set for tasks required in assessment, and who perform well in most of the above areas.
Credit 65-74 Usually awarded to students whose performance is considered to go beyond the minimum requirements for work set for assessment. Assessable work is typically characterised by a strong performance in some of the capacities listed above.
Pass 50-64 Usually awarded to students whose performance meets the requirements set for work provided for assessment.
Fail 0-49 Usually awarded to students whose performance is not considered to meet the minimum requirements set for particular tasks. The fail grade may be a result of insufficient preparation, of inattention to assignment guidelines or lack of academic ability. A frequent cause of failure is lack of attention to subject or assignment guidelines.

Quality assurance

For the purposes of quality assurance, Bond University conducts an evaluation process to measure and document student assessment as evidence of the extent to which program and subject learning outcomes are achieved. Some examples of student work will be retained for potential research and quality auditing purposes only. Any student work used will be treated confidentially and no student grades will be affected.

Study information

Submission procedures

Students must check the [email protected] subject site for detailed assessment information and submission procedures.

Policy on late submission and extensions

A late penalty will be applied to all overdue assessment tasks unless an extension is granted by the subject coordinator. The standard penalty will be 10% of marks awarded to that assessment per day late with no assessment to be accepted seven days after the due date. Where a student is granted an extension, the penalty of 10% per day late starts from the new due date.

Policy on plagiarism

University’s Academic Integrity Policy defines plagiarism as the act of misrepresenting as one’s own original work: another’s ideas, interpretations, words, or creative works; and/or one’s own previous ideas, interpretations, words, or creative work without acknowledging that it was used previously (i.e., self-plagiarism). The University considers the act of plagiarising to be a breach of the Student Conduct Code and, therefore, subject to the Discipline Regulations which provide for a range of penalties including the reduction of marks or grades, fines and suspension from the University.

Bond University utilises Originality Reporting software to inform academic integrity.

Feedback on assessment

Feedback on assessment will be provided to students within two weeks of the assessment submission due date, as per the Assessment Policy.

Accessibility and Inclusion Support

If you have a disability, illness, injury or health condition that impacts your capacity to complete studies, exams or assessment tasks, it is important you let us know your special requirements, early in the semester. Students will need to make an application for support and submit it with recent, comprehensive documentation at an appointment with a Disability Officer. Students with a disability are encouraged to contact the Disability Office at the earliest possible time, to meet staff and learn about the services available to meet your specific needs. Please note that late notification or failure to disclose your disability can be to your disadvantage as the University cannot guarantee support under such circumstances.

Additional subject information

As part of the requirements for Business School quality accreditation, the Bond Business School employs an evaluation process to measure and document student assessment as evidence of the extent to which program and subject learning outcomes are achieved. Some examples of student work will be retained for potential research and quality auditing purposes only. Any student work used will be treated confidentially and no student grades will be affected.

Subject curriculum

Emergence of sustainable development goals and sustainable tourism.

The policies of colonial government towards indigenous cultures; Powerless minorities within modern nations and the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.

Global Sustainable Tourism Council and agencies involved in sustainable tourism. Discussion of research approaches and the Larrakia Declaration on Indigenous Tourism.

The Planetary Boundaries Framework is introduced to consider the limits of acceptable change and quality control systems.

Sustainable management in hotels, tour operators, meetings, incentives, conventions & exhibitions (MICE) as well as attractions, airlines, cruise ships, expedition ships and other forms of marine tourism are explored.

Human rights in tourism and its cultural implications and socio-economic implications are examined.

Tourism as part of local livelihoods including participatory planning, conflict management, impact assessment focusing on Indigenous peoples' relationship with land used for tourism purposes.

Political, environmental, cultural and ethical (PESTE) issues involved in tourism development focusing on ethics for tourism; protection of children, animals in tourism and codes of conduct.

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are explored in the context of global tourism and the implications for indigenous cultures.

Approved on: Nov 11, 2019. Edition: 2.3