Tactical Research Unit activity report

Recent activity report

October - December 2016

Bottom Line Up Front

One training course; one workshop; two podium presentations and four poster presentations at two international conferences; six journal publications; completed specialised contract research on body armour and performance; partnership with the 4th International Congress on Soldier Physical Performance to provide a mentorship program; two new HDR students; and firefighter research profiled on ABC television and media.

Australian Defence Force Physical Rehabilitation course for the Australian Defence Force Physical Training School (HMAS CERBERUS - 03-14 Oct 16)

Dr Rob Orr had the privilege of again running the two-week rehabilitation course for the ADF Physical Training School. The course focusses on the role military physical training instructors have in providing rehabilitation using their extensive physical conditioning skill set to augment physiotherapy treatments and then take the lead in return to unit-level conditioning.

Presentations at an Infantry Battalion Resilience Training Week (17-21 Oct 16)

Dr Rob Orr was honoured to be asked to present at a Resilience Training Week being run by an Australian Infantry battalion. The presentations, primary focussed on physical conditioning and preparation, ranged from general movement-orientated conditioning to optimising load carriage conditioning.

Australasian Military Medicine Conference (Melbourne, 14-16 Oct 16)

Research stemming from a Defence Health Foundation grant was presented by Dr Rob Orr at the Australasian Military Medicine Conference.

  • Schram, B., Pope, R., & Orr, R.M. (2016). Injuries Associated with Sport Participation Amongst Australian Army Personnel. Podium presentation at the Australasian Military Medicine Association Conference, Melbourne, Australia, 14-16 October 2016, published in the Journal of Military and Veteran’s Health, 24(4), pg. 29
  • Orr, R.M. & Pope, R. (2016). Combat Training Injuries in Australian Army Personnel. Podium presentation at the Australasian Military Medicine Association Conference, Melbourne, Australia, 14-16 October 2016, published in the Journal of Military and Veteran’s Health, 24(4), pp. 17-18

View presentations.

Australian Strength and Conditioning Conference (Melbourne, 04-06 Nov 16)

Apart from chairing some of the Tactical Strength and Conditioning Australia presentations and the round table at the conference, which included TRU advisors Dr Jay Dawes and Senior Sergeant Shane Irving, Dr Rob Orr and Dr Jay Dawes presented four posters at the conference.

  • Dawes, J., Orr, R., Kornhauser, C. Holmes, R. & Pope, R. (2016). Differences in initial fitness scores between highway patrol cadets who successfully complete or fail to complete a 27-week training academy. Poster presentation at the ASCA National Conference in Melbourne, Australia 04-06 November 2016. Published in the Journal of Australian Strength and Conditioning, 24 (6), pp.76-77
  • Decker, A., Orr, R.M., Pope, R. & Hinton, B. (2016) Physiological demands of law enforcement occupational tasks in Australian police officers. Poster presentation at the ASCA National Conference in Melbourne, Australia 04-06 November 2016. Published in the Journal of Australian Strength and Conditioning, 24 (6), pp. 78-79
  • Orr, R.M., Wilson, A.F., Pope, R. & Hinton, B. (2016) Profiling the routine tasks of police officers. Poster presentation at the ASCA National Conference in Melbourne, Australia 04-06 November 2016. Published in the Journal of Australian Strength and Conditioning, 24 (6), pg. 80.
  • Dawes, J., Flores, R., Orr. R., Kornhauser, C. & Holmes, R. (2016). Percentile rankings for selected physical fitness tests in highway patrol officers. Poster presentation at the ASCA National Conference in Melbourne, Australia 04-06 November 2016. Published in the Journal of Australian Strength and Conditioning, 24 (6), pp. 81-82.

View poster presentations.

Research Publications

Over the last three months, six further TRU research papers have been published in peer reviewed journals. Three papers were in military populations, one in a police population and two in a firefighter population. MILITARY: One paper examined the types of parethesias commonly associated with soldier load carriage with specific attention to brachial plexus palsy and digitalia paresthetica. In a study on gender differences in load carriage we presented findings on our investigations looking at differences in load carriage injuries between male and female soldiers in terms of occurrence and severity. The final military paper investigated differences in injury and work health and safety incident rates between full time soldiers and those in the Army reserve. POLICE: In a law enforcement study on police cadets in the U.S. our research investigated the differences in physical conditioning achieved by a random program or a periodised program. FIREFIGHTERS: One paper presented a critical review of research examining fire fighter hydration, in preparation for a suite of other hydration and performance research studies. The second paper reported a study investigating the impact of fighting a structural fire on firefighter hydration.

  • Knapik, J., Reynolds, K., Orr, R. & Pope, R (2016). Load Carriage–Related Paresthesias: Part 1: Rucksack Palsy and Digitalgia Paresthetica, Journal of Special Operations Medicine, 15 (4), 37-42.
  • Orr, R. & Pope, R. Gender Differences in Load Carriage Injuries of Australian Army Soldiers, BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, 17 (488), pp. 1-8. DOI 10.1186/s12891-016-1340-0
  • Cocke, C., Dawes, J.J. & Orr, R. (2016). The impact of two different conditioning programs on fitness characteristics of police academy cadets, Journal of Athletic Training 51(8):000–000 DOI: 10.4085/1062-6050-51.8.06
  • Walker, A. & Pope, R. & Orr, R. (2016) The impact of fighting live fires on firefighter hydration:  a critical review, Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine 28:63 DOI 10.1186/s40557-016-0152-x.
  • Carlton, A. Gorey, R. & Orr, R. (2016). The impact of suppressing a structural fire on firefighter hydration. Journal of Australian Strength and Conditioning. 24(5) 29-36.
  • McDonald, D. Pope, R. & Orr, R. (2016). A Comparison of Work Health and Safety Incidents and Injuries in Part-time and Full-time Australian Army Personnel, Journal of Athletic Training, 51(10) DOI: 10.4085/1062-6050-51.10.12

In total, the TRU published 15 peer reviewed research articles, of which 9 were original research studies, in 2016. View the abstract papers

4th International Congress on Soldiers’ Physical Performance (Melbourne, Australia, 28 Nov - 1 Dec 2017)

The TRU has partnered up with the 4th ICSPP to provide a mentorship program designed to provide support in preparing their abstracts to emerging researchers, researchers with a first language other than English, or those with limited experience in submitting an abstract for a scientific congress. Read more about the program (and the conference)

TRU Fire Fighter Research profiled on ABC television and media.

Our recent research in the firefighter population on hydration was highlighted on ABC Television and in their other media outlets. We are grateful to Queensland Fire and Rescue for their ongoing support and to the ABC for well-balanced, non-sensationalised coverage. View the media release.

New Higher Degree Research Students

The TRU would like to welcome two new HDR students into the tactical research area:

  • Christina McAtee: What are the Physical and Health Predictors of Success for the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department Police Academy?
  • Michelle Peronne: The Impact of back pack loads on school children.

These two HDR students bring the total HDR students for TRU to five.

Ongoing and upcoming work

  • Dr Rob Orr presenting on tactical load carriage online at the Sports Science Summit held in London, UK, 24-26 Jan 17
  • Inspector Richard Gorey and the TRU team will be collecting data from the QFES as part of Richard’s Masters by Higher Degree Research.
  • Continued research on the impacts of body armour on police officer core temperature.
  • Release of the online radio interview conducted by Jason Bradford with Dr Rob Orr on Tactical Athlete Radio.

Past activity reports

Bottom Line Up Front

Keynote presentation at 2nd Science of Sport, Exercise and Physical Activity in the Tropics conference; research report released; 2 journal publications; commenced specialised contract research on body armour and performance; firefighter research promotional video released; and completion of research internship of Mr Colin Tomes.

Dr Rod Pope presented a keynote address at Science of Sport, Exercise and Physical Activity in the Tropics, Townsville, Australia 7-9 Sep 2016

Dr Rod Pope was invited to deliver a keynote presentation at the 2nd Science of Sport, Exercise and Physical Activity in the Tropics conference, in Townsville. The session focused on challenges faced by tactical personnel required to train and operate in tropical zones, impacts of heat and other tropical threats to their health and occupational performance, and risk management strategies. The presentation, “Pope, R. P., Orr, R. M., Walker, A., Irving, S. D., Jones, R. P., Gorey, R. J., Gayton, S. D., & Knapik, J. J. (2016). Training for tactical operations in tropical environments: Challenges, risks, & strategies for risk management. Abstract presented at the 2nd Science of Sport, Exercise and Physical Activity in the Tropics conference (pp. 35-37).7-9 September, 2016. Townsville, Australia.”, can be found on the TRU epublications conference page.

Research Report Released on Project Investigating Part-Time and Full-Time Army Personnel

The TRU research report ‘Profiling Work Health and Safety Incidents and Injuries in Australian Army Personnel’, a research project sponsored by a Defence Health Foundation grant, has been approved for release by Joint Health Command, Australian Defence Force (#160418, as of 08 AUG 16). The research reported in this documents stems from TRU investigations of differences between part time and full time Army personnel in work health and safety incident and injury profiles and factors that influence and may be targeted to enhance their occupational health and fitness. View a copy of the TRU report.

Research Publications

  • Over the last two months, two further TRU research papers have been published in peer reviewed journals. One paper examined push up performance across the age range of a Law Enforcement population. The findings were very eye-opening with older officers performing push ups at a similar level to younger officers and increases in body weight with age also observed. The second paper discusses how to optimise training for Reserve force personnel, who often have to migrate between military and civilian requirements, with reference to key research evidence.
  • Dawes, J., Orr, R., Brandt, B., Conroy, R. & Pope, R. (2016). Age differences in push up performance amongst male Law Enforcement Officers, Journal of Australian Strength and Conditioning. 24(4) 23-27.
  • Orr, R., Knapik, J. & Pope, R. A Physical Training Framework For Reserve Personnel: A Rationalisation and Recommendations–Strength and Conditioning Journal, 38(4), pp. 36–41.doi: 10.1519/SSC.0000000000000238
  • Abstracts of these papers can be found on the TRU epublications page.

Specialised Contract Research Investigating Body Armour and its Impact on Police Officer Performance Undertaken

By request of a State law enforcement agency, the TRU have been conducting contract research into the impacts of different types of body armour systems on performance across a range of physical performance measures (e.g. vertical jump, grip strength, 20-m Shuttle Run test, Functional Movement Screen) and simulated occupational tasks (e.g. vehicle exits, victim drags and marksmanship). In addition, subjective data has been captured from personnel regarding comfort, fit and perceived impacts of the different body armour systems on performance of varying tasks.

TRU Fire Fighter Research Promotional Video

As part of an intent to further highlight tactical research, Bond University created a short promotional video for researchers interested in tactical populations. The video highlights recent and ongoing research undertaken collaboratively by the TRU and a state Fire and Rescue department, with commentary from TRU staff, students and tactical industry partners. The video can be found here: http://epublications.bond.edu.au/tru_video/2/

Research Intern, Mr Colin Tomes

Mr Colin Tomes from Messiah College in the US, a former US Military Air Serviceman, has completed his research internship with the TRU. His focus of research was on reviewing the impact of body armour on law enforcement officer physical task performance. Following his intensive work, he was able to complete a Critical Review of the literature titled ‘The Impact of Body Armor on Physical Performance of Law Enforcement Personnel: A Critical Review’. This work has been used within an internal report following a research project on body armour with a state police force and will be submitted for publication in a peer reviewed journal shortly. Well done Colin and we hope you enjoyed your time with TRU.

Ongoing and upcoming work

  • Dr Rob Orr conducting the Physical Rehabilitation course for the Australian Defence Force Physical Training School in Melbourne, Australia, 3-14 October 2016
  • Dr Rob Orr presenting research on Australian Army soldiers at the Australasian Military Medicine Conference in Melbourne, Australia, 14-16 October 2016
  • Dr Rob Orr presenting applied research on tactical conditioning at a specialised work Resilience Training week for an Australian Infantry unit, 17-21 October 2016
  • The TRU Annual Report is being prepared for public release

Bottom Line Up Front

Conduct of the TRU Tactical Conditioning Optimisation (TACOPS) short course in China; podium presentation at the Australian New Zealand Search and Rescue Conference; poster presentation at the NSCA National Conference; 3 research paper publications, and start of research internship of Mr Colin Tomes.

TACOPS Course, Beijing China, 09-11 Jul 16

  • The first TRU short course, Tactical Conditioning Optimisation (TACOPS) was run in Beijing, China. Hosted by the Beijing Yanding Commerce and Trade Company, the course focusses on the tactical personnel across their occupational lifespan (from recruitment to general duties to specialist selection) with a focus on assessment and testing, conditioning and rehabilitation. The course was well attended by a select group of around 90 specially invited personnel from tactical occupations in China.
  • It was an interesting experience presenting a course through a translator. My translator, for the three days straight, was Dr Shan Li from Xi’an Physical Education University who did an absolutely amazing job jumping back and forth between languages rapidly in real time.
  • The hosts for the event, Tom Zhao and the Beijing Yanding Commerce and Trade Company, were very gracious and amazing to work with from gaining VISAs and transport to an interesting cultural dining experience.
  • View an outline of the Tactical Conditioning Optimisation (TACOPS) short course.

The first TRU short course, Tactical Conditioning Optimisation (TACOPS) in Beijing, China.

Hosted by the Beijing Yanding Commerce and Trade Company the course was well attended by a select group of around 90 specially invited personnel from tactical occupations in China.

Translator, Dr Shan Li from the Xi’an Physical Education University.

Australian and New Zealand Search and Rescue (ANZSAR) Conference, Gold Coast, Australia 01 JUN 16

  • Dr Rob Orr presented a joint paper on load carriage and how it has the potential to impact on SAR personnel and their mission. The presentation, “Orr, R., & Pope. R. (2016). Load Carriage and what it means for Search & Rescue. Podium presentation at the Australian & New Zealand Search and Rescue Conference, 01 June, 2016. Gold Coast, Australia”, can be found on the TRU epublications page: http://epublications.bond.edu.au/tru_conf/16/

NSCA National Conference, New Orleans, USA, 06-09 JUL 16

  • Dr Jay Dawes presented a poster abstract focussing on a comparison of fitness scores of injured and uninjured police cadets. The poster, “Dawes, J., Orr, R., Pope, R, & Elder, C.: A comparison of fitness scores between injured and uninjured police cadets”, can be found on the TRU epublications page: http://epublications.bond.edu.au/tru_conf/

Research Publications

  • Over the last two months, three research papers have been published in peer reviewed journals. One paper focusses on military training and often unconsidered factors leading to training overload, while the other two are focussed on law enforcement, one in Australia (Functional Movement Screen profile of both new recruits and trained officers across genders) and the other in the US (a specific profile of male law enforcement officers in the US).
  • Orr, R., Knapik, J. & Pope, R. (2016). Program Induced Cumulative Overload (PICO). Journal of Special Operations Medicine, 16(2), pp. 92-95
  • Orr, R., Pope, R., Stierli, M. & Hinton, B. (2015). A Functional Movement Screen profile of an Australian police force. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 17 (296), pp 1-7. doi: 10.1186/s12891-016-1146-0
  • Dawes JJ, Orr, R., Siekaniec CL, Vanderwoude AA, Dawes JJ. (2016). Associations between anthropometric characteristics and physical performance in male law enforcement officers: a retrospective cohort study, Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine 28(26), pp1-7. doi:  10.1186/s40557-016-0112-5

Abstracts of these papers can be found on TRU epublications

Research Intern, Mr Colin Tomes

  • Mr Colin Tomes from Messiah College in the US, a former US Military Air Serviceman, has commenced a research internship with the TRU. His current focus of research is on reviewing the impact of body armour on law enforcement officer physical task performance. We welcome him for his short two-month visit and hopes he will enjoy the Bond University and Australian lifestyle on the sunny Gold Coast.

Ongoing and upcoming work

  • Dr Rod Pope presenting a keynote address at Science of Sport, Exercise and Physical Activity in the Tropics, Townsville, Australia 07-09 September 16.
  • Dr Rob Orr conducting the Physical Rehabilitation course for the Australian Defence Force Physical Training School in Melbourne, Australia, 03-14 October 16.
  • Dr Rob Orr presenting research on Australian Army soldiers at the Sports Medicine Australia Conference in Melbourne, Australia, 12-15 October 16.
  • Dr Rob Orr presenting research on Australian Army soldiers at the Australasian Military Medicine Conference in Melbourne, Australia, 14-16 October 16.
  • The new ‘boots on the ground’ section featuring the latest research from TRU and what it means for the tactical practitioner (presented in a 5 x 5 format) will be launched on the TRU e-publications page.

Bottom Line Up Front

Presentations at the New South Wales Emergency Services Sharing Day and the Singapore Army Fitness Centre Work Plan Seminar; 2 Conference abstracts accepted, welcome of Dr Anthony Walker to the team.

Emergency Services Sharing Day - 23 May 2016

  • Dr Rob Orr was fortunate enough to be invited to speak at the NSW Emergency Services Sharing Day. Following his presentation on ‘Physically healthy workplaces in tactical environments’, a roundtable discussion was held. The roundtable, which was masterfully facilitated by Ms. Naomi Konza (NSW Ambulance), included Law Enforcement, Ambulance, Fire and Rescue and other stakeholders. Some great discussions were held and action plans developed. SGT Michael Stierli (NSW Police and TRU collaborator) was on hand to provide information on some useful on-the-ground initiatives he is involved with.

Singapore Army Fitness Centre Work Plan Seminar on 25 May 16

  • Dr Rob Orr was honoured to be invited to present a keynote address at the annual Singapore Army Fitness Centre Work Plan Seminar. Following his address on ‘Optimising the conditioning of new recruits and their injury prevention’, Rob was invited to participate in a Soldier STRONG physical training session. The soldier STRONG concept is an innovative forward-thinking approach taken by the Singapore Army to facilitate a fit and healthy force. Collaboration with the Singapore Army Fitness Centre Physical Training Instructors is always insightful, as they face and overcome challenges that are similar (e.g. limited resources) and different (e.g. conscript Army) to those faced with other international forces with whom we work.

Sports Medicine Australia Conference 12-15 Oct 16

  • Two abstracts were accepted for the Annual Sports Medicine Australia Conference, this year being held in Melbourne, Australia, 12-15 Oct 15.
    • Schram, B. Pope, R & Orr, R. Knee Injuries in Australian Army Reserve Soldiers.
    • Orr, R., Pope, R., Hinton, B. & Stierli. A Functional Movement Screen Profile of an Australian State Police Force: A Retrospective Cohort Study.

Dr Anthony Walker

It is with great pleasure we welcome Dr Anthony Walker to the team. Dr Walker is a thermal physiologist, specialising in the management of tactical operators working in hot environments. With over 10 years of operational experience as a professional urban firefighter, fire investigator and fire service safety advisor, Dr Walker brings both a theoretical and practical understanding of the safety and performance issues in tactical operators tasked with working in the heat. His doctoral thesis was titled, "maximising the safety and performance of Australian urban firefighters working in the heat" and from this, numerous publications and international conference presentations have come. In addition to his work in the field, Dr Walker remains engaged in the research space, with particular focus on continuing to develop work practices that maximise the safety of all tactical operators working in the heat and he provides technical advice and support to key agencies in Australia and abroad.

Ongoing and upcoming work

  • Dr Rob Orr presenting at the Australia and New Zealand Search and Rescue Conference, Gold Coast, 01 Jun 2016
  • Dr Rob Orr presenting the TRU Tactical Conditioning Optimisation (TACOP) course in Beijing, China.
  • Dr Rod Pope presenting a keynote address at Science of Sport, Exercise and Physical Activity in the Tropics, Townsville, in September 2016.
  • The new ‘boots on the ground’ section featuring the latest research from TRU and what it means for the tactical practitioner (presented in a 5 x 5 format) will be launched on the TRU e-publications page.

Bottom Line Up Front

Presentations at the NSCA Tactical Strength and Conditioning Conference (San Diego); Evidence based student research presentations; 1 Conference Abstract accepted; NSCA TSAC-F Award and Visit to the Los Angeles Sheriff’s Department.

2016 NSCA Tactical Strength and Conditioning Conference, San Diego

  • Orr, R (2016). Rehabilitation and Reconditioning: It’s more than just traditional conditioning. Podium presentation at the Tactical Strength and Conditioning Annual Training Conference, San Diego: USA. 26-28 April 2016.
    The presentation can be found here: http://epublications.bond.edu.au/tru_pubs/
    Notable sessions were also presented by TRU collaborators, Dr Jay Dawes, Dr Katie Sell and SGT Michael Stierli.

Evidence Based Research Presentations

  • The Doctor of Physiotherapy students undertaking research with the Tactical Research Unit presented their work at the Bond University, Doctor of Physiotherapy Evidence Based Practice Project Mini Congress on Tuesday 19 Apr 16.
    The presentations included one on firefighters, three on military and nine on law enforcement populations. The sessions were well attended and included representatives from these tactical populations.
    Several of these presentations will be featured in the coming months as part of the online TRU Rapid Fire Presentations and are being prepared for publication.

2016 NSCA National Conference, New Orleans

  • Our conference abstract, Dawes, J., Orr, R., Pope, R, & Elder, C.: A comparison of fitness scores between injured and uninjured police cadets has been accepted and will be presented by Dr Jay Dawes at the NSCA National Conference in New Orleans, Louisiana

2016 NSCA Tactical Strength and Conditioning Facilitator of the Year Award

  • SGT Michael Stierli, TRU higher degree research PhD candidate and collaborator was awarded the prestigious 2016 NSCA Tactical Strength and Conditioning Facilitator of the Year Award. Each year this award is highly sought after and SGT Stierli’s winning of this award is a testament to the impact his research and practice are having in not only the NSW Police Force, but the tactical field in general. Congratulations SGT Stierli.

SGT Michael Stierli receiving his award from NSCA’s Tactical Strength and Conditioning Program Manager, Tyler Christiansen

Los Angeles Sheriff’s Department visit

  • Rob Orr had the honour of visiting the LA Sheriff’s Department to watch the well-known ‘Black Monday’ event for new recruits. While the event, involving targeted stress-response events, was impressive, even more so was the behind the scenes planning and thought that went into this session. What may seem like organised chaos from an outside view point is in fact a very carefully and dutifully prepared event with impeccable attention to detail (to the point of being specific about which words and phrases the staff were to use or not to use). The professionalism, dedication and commitment these Sheriff’s show towards training their future colleagues is inspiring.

Ongoing and upcoming work

  • Dr Rob Orr presenting at the NSW Emergency Services Sharing Day 23 May 2016
  • The new ‘boots on the ground’ section featuring the latest research from TRU and what it means for the tactical practitioner (presented in a 5 x 5 format) will be launched on the TRU e-publications page.

Bottom Line Up Front

2 Journal publications; completion of the Defence Health Foundation Grant; successful firefighter research data capture, launch of the first TRU Rapid Fire presentations and the creating of the new TRU direct email account.

Journal publications

  • Knapik, J. J., Orr, R.M., Pope, R.P. & Grier, T. (2015). Injuries and Footwear (Part 2): Minimalist Running Shoes, Journal of Special Operations Medicine, 16(1), pp. 89-96
  • McDonald, D., Pope, R. & Orr, R. (2016). Differences in physical characteristics and performance measures of part-time and full-time tactical personnel: A critical narrative review. Journal of Military and Veteran’s Health, 24(1) pp. 45-55

The papers / abstracts can be found here: http://epublications.bond.edu.au/tru_pubs/

The Defence Health Foundation Project

The final report to the Defence Health Foundation on the TRU findings following their generous grant to undertake research ‘Profiling Work Health and Safety Incidents and Injuries in Australian Army Personnel’ has been submitted. Following approvals from Joint Health Command, it is intended that the final report will be stored on the TRU e-pubs site. Considering this, research papers already approved by Joint Health Command have been submitted and are in various stages of production (including the paper by McDonald above).

Firefighter research

The Firefighter research went ahead with great success and some useful data was obtained. Apart from the usual measures of hydration, we were able to capture temperatures in the fire at different heights, but more excitingly we were able to capture humidity in the blazing container as well.

TRU Rapid Fire Presentation

The first TRU Rapid Fire Presentation has been uploaded to the e-pubs page. This edition we will be looking at tactical load carriage.

The presentation can be found here: http://epublications.bond.edu.au/tru_video/1/

TRU email account

The TRU now has its own dedicated email address. Please use this email for all TRU correspondence.
tru@bond.edu.au

Ongoing and upcoming work

  • Dr Rob Orr will be presenting at the National Strength and Conditioning Association Tactical Strength and Conditioning Annual Training Conference in San Diego with fellow TRU key collaborating researchers and advisers, Dr Katie Sell, Dr Jay Dawes and SGT Michael Stierli.
  • The Doctor of Physiotherapy students undertaking  research with the Tactical Research Unit will be finalising their projects and presenting their work at the Bond University, Doctor of Physiotherapy Evidence Based Practice Project Mini Congress on Tuesday 19 APR 16. The presentations will include one on firefighters, three on military and nine on law enforcement populations.

Bottom Line Up Front

1 Journal publication, Planning brief for upcoming fire fighter research, 1 Radio Interview, Inspector Richard Gorey begins his higher degree research investigating the Impact of Heat and Workload on Firefighters.

Journal Publication

  • Orr, R., Pope, R., Peterson, S., Stierli, M. & Hinton, B. (2016). Leg power as an indicator for risk of injury or illness in police recruits, International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 13, 237; pp.1-10.doi:10.3390/ijerph13020237. The paper can be found here: http://epublications.bond.edu.au/tru_pubs/

Planning Brief for Firefighter Research – 23 February 2016

In preparation for the upcoming research with Fire and Emergency Services, Doctor of Physiotherapy student Adam Walker, Dr Rod Pope, Dr Rob Orr and Dr Ben Schram walked through the research planning for the upcoming data collection with a state Fire and Emergency Services unit. All going to plan the day will have firefighters perform fire suppression and occupational tasks in full turn out gear, on-air, and fighting a structural fire. Measures will include Urine Specific Gravity, Body Weight, Tympanic Membrane temperature (under the flash hood) and psychological measures taken pre-event, immediately post event and 20 minutes post event.

Tactical Research Unit on ABC Radio – 29 February 2016

TRU were invited to discuss the unit and tactical populations as part of the University Masterclass segment on the ‘Drive’ program hosted by Matt Webber on ABC 91.7 FM. The interview can be found here for the next week https://soundcloud.com/abc-gold-coast/drive-tactical-research-unit-bond-...
We would like to thank Matt and Karen from the ABC for the opportunity to further advance the TRU and wellbeing of tactical personnel.

Inspector Richard Gorey Commences his Higher Degree Research

Fellow TRU key collaborating researcher and adviser, Inspector Richard Gorey, has commenced his HDR research investigating the Impact of Heat and Workload on Firefighters.

Richard is a 25 year career firefighter having served 10 years as a line firefighter, 12 years as a Station Officer and the last 3 years as a Senior Officer. As a vocal advocate for firefighter wellness in his department, Richard‘s research interests focus on improving firefighter safety, wellbeing and resilience and performance in frontline delivery. Richard has extensive operational experience in structural and wildland firefighting, technical rescue and live fire training as an instructor. In addition to his career in fire, Richard has 23 years as a Reserve Diver in the RANR attached to Dive Team 8 in Brisbane.

Ongoing and upcoming work

  • Data collection with a state Fire and Emergency Services unit
  • Finalisation of the ‘Profiling Injuries in Army Reserve Personnel’ report sponsored by a Defence Health Foundation grant.
  • The first mini video presentations, on load carriage for tactical personnel, are under development for launch on the TRU website in March 2016.

Bottom Line Up Front

Launch of the TRU e-publications page, 1 conference presentation, 2 journal publications, 1 TSAC research review and welcoming of MR Mick Roscoe to the TRU team.

TRU e-publications page

The TRU e-publications page is now operational, highlighting all publications and presentations since the launch of the TRU. The webpage can be found here: http://epublications.bond.edu.au/tru/

Gold Coast Health and Medical Research Conference, Gold Coast, Australia: 03-04 Dec 15

Orr, R., Pope, R. &Dawes, J., (2015). Age differences in push up performance amongst male Law Enforcement Officers, Podium presentation at the Gold Coast Health and Medical Research Conference, Gold Coast, Australia, 03-04 December 2015.

For the presentation go to the TRU e-publications page http://epublications.bond.edu.au/tru_conf/13/ and click ‘download’ for the presentation PowerPoint or ‘abstract’ for the published abstract.

Journal Publications (Dec 15-Jan 16)

Mr Mick Roscoe

TRU would like to welcome doctoral candidate Mick Roscoe to the TRU team. Mick has over forty-two years of experience in military and police special operations teams and has performed active service in Northern Ireland and Iraq. He has been involved in operations and training in South Australia, Queensland, Iraq and in the Asia-Pacific region. Mick’s focus is to understand human functioning under stress and how this impacts operational capabilities (threat analysis) and ultimately use of force decisions.

With an ongoing doctoral thesis examining how attention, perception and memory perform in high-stress situations and improving the ability of police subjected to critical incident stress, including their debriefing, Mick’s has designed specialised scenario training programs specifically Stimulus Response Training (SRT) and Adrenaline Stress Conditioning (ASC) that prepare officers for realistic and anticipated dangers.

Mick has shooting qualifications obtained in the USA from liaisons with the FBI’s Hostage Rescue Team, including combined training with US Army and US Navy Special Forces at the Mid-South Institute of Self Defence Shooting. Since 2007 Mick has been working with the AFP as a tactical operator and trainer in the Operations Response Group. He is currently on assignment in the Solomon Islands (RAMSI) training the Royal Solomon Islands Police Response Team.

See Mick’s bio (and the rest of the team’s) on the TRU webpage at: bond.edu.au/tru

Festive Season thanks

The TRU would like to thank all the Law Enforcement, Military, Firefighter and first responder personnel who worked on Christmas Day, New Year’s Day and Australia day, whether at home or abroad, to allow the rest of us to spend safe and secure times with our family and friends.

Ongoing and upcoming work

  • Our 13 Doctor of Physiotherapy research students (8 x law enforcement, 4 x military and 1 x firefighter) have completed their critical reviews of the literature and are now collecting and analysing their research data.
  • SGT Mick Stierli, a TRU collaborating researcher and PhD student commenced data collection on his project investigating whether a workforce reconditioning program improves the return to duty prospects for injured police officers.
  • The research into ‘Profiling Injuries in Army Reserve Personnel’ sponsored by a Defence Health Foundation grant is near finalisation with two publications accepted for publication, another about to be submitted and a further couple of papers in planning.
  • The first mini video presentations, on load carriage for tactical personnel, are under development for launch on the TRU website in March 2016.

Bottom Line Up Front

1 Conference presentation at a National Conference, 1 Journal Publication, the fellowship visit of Prof Joseph Knapik (USARIEM and US Army Institute of Public Health) and the formal launch of the Tactical Research Unit during Bond University’s Research Week.

Australian Strength and Conditioning Association (ASCA) Conference Tactical Strength and Conditioning – Australia (TSAC) presentation (Gold Coast) 06-08 November

  • Chaired by Dr Rob Orr, the ASCA TSACA presentations included presentations from leading experts in tactical research including Dr Tim Doyle (Military), Dr Katie Sell (Firefighters), Mr Anthony Walker (Firefighters) and, from the TRU, Dr Rod Pope (general tactical).
  • Pope, R. (2015). Managing risks arising from mismatches between physical conditioning & tactical task requirements’ Australian Strength and Conditioning Association – Tactical Strength and Conditioning Australia Conference, Gold Coast, Australia 06-08 November 15

Journal publications

  • Knapik, J. J., Pope, R.P., Orr, R.M. & Grier, T. (2015). Injuries and Athletic Footwear (Part 1): Athletic Shoe History and Injuries in Relation to Foot Arch Height and Training in Boots, Journal of Special Operations Medicine, 15 (4): 103-109

Fellowship visit

Dr Rob Orr and Dr Rod Pope had the honour of hosting Adjunct Professor Joseph Knapik (US Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine / US Army Institute of Public Health), an ORISE Knowledge Preservation Fellow. With over 40 years (both in and out of uniform) of military research in physiology and epidemiology Prof Knapik was the keynote speaker at the formal launch of the Tactical Research Unit during the Bond University Research Week.

During his stay, a quick road tour saw visits to the Australian Institute of Police Management, the New South Wales police department, the Royal Military College of Australia, the Australian Defence Force Academy and, of course, the renowned Australian War Memorial. Apart from whirlwind road tour, there were several strategic planning events and another keynote speech by PROF Knapik for the Higher Degree by Research students during the University’s Research Week.

Formal TRU launch

The formal launch of the Tactical Research Unit took place on the 18th November 2015, during Bond University’s Research Week. In attendance were fellow Bond University staff and researchers (both staff and students), members of the Queensland Police Force and Australian Defence Force. TRU was represented by Dr Rob Orr, Dr Rod Pope, Prof Joseph Knapik, Prof Wayne Hing, CAPT Scott Gayton and Mr Ben Schram. Apologies from NSW Police, Australian Federal Police, Queensland Fire and Rescue, the Defence Science and Technology Group and the Singaporean Army were well received.

Following PROF Knapik’s keynote speech, Dr Donna Sellers, the Associate Dean (Research) for the Faculty of Health Sciences & Medicine (HSM) and Professor Helen Chenery, the Executive Dean for HSM formally launched the unit.

Coming up next month

  • Dr Rob Orr will be presenting at the Gold Coast Health and Medical Research Conference 3-4 December 15
  • Launch of the TRU e-pubs page: A source of all TRU publications and presentations

Bottom Line Up Front

11 Conference Presentations at 3 National / International Conferences, 2 Courses for both Australian and Singaporean Defence Forces and research meetings with the QLD Fire and Rescue Service at their training facility in Whyte Island

Australian Physiotherapy Association conference presentations (Gold Coast) 03-06 October

  • Orr, R.M., Hua, M. &, Stierli, M. (2015). Profile of police officers that attend workplace rehabilitation service. Podium presentation at the Australian Physiotherapy Association Connect Conference 2015, Gold Coast, Australia. 03-06 October 2015
  • Dawson, G.M., Broad, R. & Orr R. (2015). Australian Army recruit training: course length and recruit injuries. Podium presentation at the Australian Physiotherapy Association Connect Conference 2015, Gold Coast, Australia. 03-06 October 2015.
  • Orr, R., Pope, R., Stierli, M. & Hinton, B. (2015). A Functional Movement Screen profile of an Australian police force. Podium presentation at the Australian Physiotherapy Association Connect Conference 2015, Gold Coast, Australia. 03-06 October 2015.
  • Orr, R., Pope, R., Peterson, S., Stierli, M. & Hinton, B. (2015). Leg power as an indicator for risk of injury or illness in police recruits. Podium presentation at the Australian Physiotherapy Association Connect Conference 2015, Gold Coast, Australia. 03-06 October 2015.
  • Orr. R., Pope, R., Coyle, J. & Johnston, V. (2015). Self-reported load carriage injuries in Australian Regular Army soldiers. Podium presentation at the Australian Physiotherapy Association Connect Conference 2015, Gold Coast, Australia. 03-06 October 2015.

Australasian Military Medicine Conference presentations (Hobart) 08-11 October

  • Orr, R., Pope, R. & McDonald, D., (2015). A Comparison of Work Health and Safety Incidents and Injuries in Part-time and Full-time Australian Army Personnel. Podium presentation at the Australasian Military Medicine Association Conference, Hobart, Australia, 09-11 October 2015, Abstract published in Journal of Military and Veteran’s Health, 23(4), pp. 22-23.
  • Pope, R., McDonald, D. & Orr, R. (2015). Incidence rates of reported work health and safety incidents and injuries in part-time and full-time Australian Army personnel. Podium presentation at the Australasian Military Medicine Association Conference, Hobart, Australia, 09-11 October 2015, Abstract published in Journal of Military and Veteran’s Health, 23(4), pp 45-46.
  • McDonald, D., Orr, R. & Pope, R.  (2015). Differences in physical characteristics and performance measures of part-time and full-time tactical personnel: A critical narrative review. Podium presentation at the Australasian Military Medicine Association Conference, Hobart, Australia, 09-11 October 2015, Abstract published in Journal of Military and Veteran’s Health, 23(4),  pp 24-25.
  • Orr, R. (2015). Australian Soldier Load Carriage: From Gallipoli to Afghanistan. Podium presentation at the Australasian Military Medicine Association Conference, Hobart, Australia, 09-11 October 2015, Abstract published in Journal of Military and Veteran’s Health, 23(4), pg 15

QLD Fire and Rescue 13 October

  • Dr Rob Orr and Dr Rod Pope spent a day with QLD Fire and Rescue (Hosted by Inspector Richard Gorey)  at their training facility, Whyte Island setting up a research framework for a hydration study to be undertaken during a series of live structural fire scenarios in Jan 16

Singaporean Military TSAC Extended Course

  • Dr Rob Orr spent  three days in Singapore providing Tactical Strength and Conditioning training for the Singaporean Army Physical Training Instructors 16-18 October

Sports Medicine Australia Conference 21-24 OCT

  • Poke, D., Stierli, M., Hinton, B. & Orr, R. (2015). The perceived effect of load carriage on marksmanship in the tactical athlete. Podium presentation at the Asics Sports Medicine Conference, Gold Coast, Australia, 21-24 October 2015, Abstract published in the Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport – Supplement, 18(6), pp. 98.
  • Cocke, C., Dawes, J.J. & Orr, R. (2015). The impact of two different conditioning programs on fitness characteristics of police academy cadets. Podium presentation at the Asics Sports Medicine Conference (Award Finalist), Gold Coast, Australia, 21-24 October 2015, Abstract published in the Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport – Supplement, 18(6), pp. 16

Australian Defence Force PTI Basic Course

  • Dr Rob Orr presented a Rehabilitation Training course for Defence Force Physical Training Instructors at the Australian Defence Force Physical Training School – 25 – 29 October

Coming up next month

  • Dr Rod Pope’s will be presenting at the Australian Strength and Conditioning Conference 6-8 November 2015
  • Dr Joe Knapik will be visiting from the US and presenting at the formal launch of TRU on 18 November at BIHS
  • Dr Rob Orr will be presenting at the Gold Coast Health and Medical Research Conference 3-4 December 2015