Research integrity involves upholding ethical standards in all aspects of academic work, including learning, teaching and research. It involves acting with the principles of honesty, fairness, trust, and responsibility and requires respect for knowledge and its development. Research integrity is foundational to the work of the academic community and applies in all areas of research endeavour including research data planning, security and storage, authorship, publication and reporting, and management of conflicts of interest.
Why is it important?
It is imperative that all researchers adhere to the highest principles of honesty and accuracy so that the total body of knowledge increases without distortion of the truth. Bond University is proud of its research record and is committed to ensuring that researchers engage in research to the highest standards of professional conduct to safeguard its reputation in the global academic community.
What is research misconduct?
Research misconduct is a failure to adhere to high standards of professional conduct and integrity and to the principles contained in the Research Code of Conduct Policy, Research Misconduct Policy, Research Data Management and Sharing Policy, and the Australian Code for the Responsible Conduct of Research (2007).
University research misconduct management framework
The University is committed to managing allegations of research misconduct in an equitable, consistent, transparent, and timely manner. For detailed processes refer to the Research misconduct management flowchart.
Fabrication of results
Fabrication is the intentional misrepresentation of research results by, for example:
- reporting experiments/surveys that were never conducted;
- outright manufacture of data.
Falsification or misrepresentation of results
Falsification or misrepresentation of results is manipulating research materials, equipment or processes, or changing or omitting data or results, such that the research is not accurately represented in the research outcomes.
Plagiarism (check out the Did I Plagiarise?)
Plagiarism is misrepresenting as one's own original work:
- another’s ideas, interpretations, words, or creative works and/or
- one’s own previous ideas, interpretations, words, or creative work without acknowledging that it was used previously (i.e., self-plagiarism)
These ideas, interpretations, words, or works may be found in published and unpublished documents, print and/or electronic media, designs, music, sounds, images, photographs or computer codes, or gained through working in a group. (Schedule A - Definitions, Bond University Discipline Regulations)
Misleading ascription of authorship
Misleading ascription of authorship contravenes the authorship protocols outlined in the Research Data Management and Sharing Policy and includes, for example:
- listing authors without their permission
- attributing authorship to anyone who has not contributed to the research
- lack of appropriate acknowledgment of work contributed by others.
Each Faculty has a Librarian, who is a key contact for assistance with library resources and research resources in general.HDR candidates are encouraged to maximise their usage of the Library's services for researchers. Library resources include:
- extensive electronic databases and journal collections
- one-on-one assistance with searching for your literature review
- free document delivery service for articles, books and other items not already held by the Library
- EndNote and RefWorks software for managing the references for your research, and formatting theses and other papers in your chosen referencing style
- loans of books and multimedia items in the Main Library and Law Library
- advice and support for managing the data produced by your research
- Bond's open access repository, epublications @bond, for showcasing yourself and your research to the world. epublications @bond can also make your research outputs openly available to meet Open Access requirements;
- workshops on EndNote, RefWorks, Searching for a Literature Review, Citation Searching, NVivo and more;
- access to the key citation databases Scopus and Web of Science, for citation searching and identifying journal impact
- advice on selecting quality journals to publish in, including Open Access journals.
Student Learning Support
HDR students are able to access, without charge, all services offered by SLS. The SLS is suitable for all students, including native-English speakers. Services available include, but are not limited to:
- academic writing (including structure and organisation)
- helping with clarity of expression
- grammar & punctuation
- citing & referencing
- preparing for candidature presentation
- managing time & selecting ways to study
- academic skills workshops.
Students can book 1 x 30-minute appointment per week via the Student Learning Support iLearn site for an individual consultation with a Learning Advisor.
In addition, SLS offers ‘Shut up and Write’ sessions once a week. This is a two-hour session consisting of periods of intensive writing in which candidates can focus on writing output for their thesis.
Research integrity training
All HDR students complete Research Integrity Training in their first year of enrolment, prior to confirmation.
- Referencing Styles: APA, Australian Guide to Legal Citation, Chicago Style, Harvard, and Vancouver
- Reference Management Tools: EndNote, RefWorks, Zotero and Mendeley
- Style Manuals
- Citation Styles
Plagiarism detection software
Bond University utilises an online text-matching service that is free for all HDR candidates to use. It is available through the HDR iLearn community. Candidates can use it multiple times before they submit their Confirmation of Candidature document. Faculty administrators may also use the software before sending the thesis to examiners.
- Research Code of Conduct Policy
- Research Misconduct Policy
- Research Data Management and Sharing Policy
- HDR Handbook on the HDR Student Community iLearn site
- Research ethics website
- Australian Code for the Responsible Conduct of Research (2007)
- Copyright Compliance Policy
- Intellectual Property Policy
- Academic Integrity Policy
- Bond University Discipline Regulations
- Student Charter
Suspected incidents of research misconduct should be raised with the Faculty Research Integrity Advisor, Faculty Associate Dean (Research), or Office of Research Services.
As part of the preliminary investigation, you will be contacted to attend an interview to discuss the concern about your research.A number of outcomes may follow from this discussion, ranging from the dismissal of the concern through to the commissioning of a research misconduct inquiry. If you asked to appear before a research misconduct inquiry panel, you may be accompanied by another person not being legal counsel or a solicitor at this hearing.
The Bond University Student Association (BUSA) Advocacy Director is available to advise, accompany or represent students for allegations of research misconduct.