Current healthcare practice is becoming unsustainable. Expansion of healthcare options, spiralling costs, changing demographics and patient expectations mean that the demand for healthcare exceeds supply. Different forms of healthcare rationing are becoming commonplace. In some countries, people are consuming healthcare to the point of being harmed, while others receive none, and many health resources are wasted. In this subject you will examine the reasons for this and explore possible responses. You will investigate the variations in healthcare in order to address the challenges of creating value for patients, maintaining efficient disease screening and treatment, and sustaining effective interventions and services. You will learn to develop and implement sustainable healthcare practices that improve healthcare outcomes for patients and communities. Content for this subject is based on the current research from national and international leaders in sustainable healthcare and supported by a global network of innovators.
|Academic unit:||Faculty of Health Sciences and Medicine|
|Subject title:||Sustainable Healthcare|
Delivery & attendance
|Attendance and learning activities:||Students will have access to ten weeks of self-paced online modules, and are required to attend a 3-day intensive workshop on campus.|
|Prescribed resources:||No Prescribed resources. After enrolment, students can check the Books and Tools area in iLearn for the full Resource List.|
|[email protected] & Email:||[email protected] is the online learning environment at Bond University and is used to provide access to subject materials, lecture recordings and detailed subject information regarding the subject curriculum, assessment and timing. Both iLearn and the Student Email facility are used to provide important subject notifications. Additionally, official correspondence from the University will be forwarded to students’ Bond email account and must be monitored by the student.|
To access these services, log on to the Student Portal from the Bond University website as www.bond.edu.au
Assumed knowledge is the minimum level of knowledge of a subject area that students are assumed to have acquired through previous study. It is the responsibility of students to ensure they meet the assumed knowledge expectations of the subject. Students who do not possess this prior knowledge are strongly recommended against enrolling and do so at their own risk. No concessions will be made for students’ lack of prior knowledge.
An understanding of the Australian health system and evidence based practice.
Assurance of learning
Assurance of Learning means that universities take responsibility for creating, monitoring and updating curriculum, teaching and assessment so that students graduate with the knowledge, skills and attributes they need for employability and/or further study.
At Bond University, we carefully develop subject and program outcomes to ensure that student learning in each subject contributes to the whole student experience. Students are encouraged to carefully read and consider subject and program outcomes as combined elements.
Program Learning Outcomes (PLOs)
Program Learning Outcomes provide a broad and measurable set of standards that incorporate a range of knowledge and skills that will be achieved on completion of the program. If you are undertaking this subject as part of a degree program, you should refer to the relevant degree program outcomes and graduate attributes as they relate to this subject.
Subject Learning Outcomes (SLOs)
On successful completion of this subject the learner will be able to:
- Describe current and emerging challenges in sustainable healthcare.
- Articulate the reasons for variations in healthcare quality.
- Discuss how to measure quality in healthcare, and examine the quality of a service for over-diagnosis and over-treatment.
- Explain how diagnostics over-servicing and changes in disease definitions can lead to over-diagnosis and over-treatment.
- Describe strategies to manage and maximise sustainable healthcare in clinical practice.
- Critically appraise strategies to support sustainable delivery of healthcare services.
|High Distinction||85-100||Outstanding or exemplary performance in the following areas: interpretative ability; intellectual initiative in response to questions; mastery of the skills required by the subject, general levels of knowledge and analytic ability or clear thinking.|
|Distinction||75-84||Usually awarded to students whose performance goes well beyond the minimum requirements set for tasks required in assessment, and who perform well in most of the above areas.|
|Credit||65-74||Usually awarded to students whose performance is considered to go beyond the minimum requirements for work set for assessment. Assessable work is typically characterised by a strong performance in some of the capacities listed above.|
|Pass||50-64||Usually awarded to students whose performance meets the requirements set for work provided for assessment.|
|Fail||0-49||Usually awarded to students whose performance is not considered to meet the minimum requirements set for particular tasks. The fail grade may be a result of insufficient preparation, of inattention to assignment guidelines or lack of academic ability. A frequent cause of failure is lack of attention to subject or assignment guidelines.|
For the purposes of quality assurance, Bond University conducts an evaluation process to measure and document student assessment as evidence of the extent to which program and subject learning outcomes are achieved. Some examples of student work will be retained for potential research and quality auditing purposes only. Any student work used will be treated confidentially and no student grades will be affected.
Students must check the [email protected] subject site for detailed assessment information and submission procedures.
Policy on late submission and extensions
A late penalty will be applied to all overdue assessment tasks unless an extension is granted by the subject coordinator. The standard penalty will be 10% of marks awarded to that assessment per day late with no assessment to be accepted seven days after the due date. Where a student is granted an extension, the penalty of 10% per day late starts from the new due date.
Policy on plagiarism
The University’s Academic Integrity Policy defines plagiarism as the act of misrepresenting as one’s own original work: another’s ideas, interpretations, words, or creative works; and/or one’s own previous ideas, interpretations, words, or creative work without acknowledging that it was used previously (i.e., self-plagiarism). The University considers the act of plagiarising to be a breach of the Student Conduct Code and, therefore, subject to the Discipline Regulations which provide for a range of penalties including the reduction of marks or grades, fines and suspension from the University.
Feedback on assessment
Feedback on assessment will be provided to students within two weeks of the assessment submission due date, as per the Assessment Policy.
If you have a disability, illness, injury or health condition that impacts your capacity to complete studies, exams or assessment tasks, it is important you let us know your special requirements, early in the semester. Students will need to make an application for support and submit it with recent, comprehensive documentation at an appointment with a Disability Officer. Students with a disability are encouraged to contact the Disability Office at the earliest possible time, to meet staff and learn about the services available to meet your specific needs. Please note that late notification or failure to disclose your disability can be to your disadvantage as the University cannot guarantee support under such circumstances.
Rising costs of healthcare, increasing expectations for care, aging population.
Sustainability of effective interventions, impact of precision medicine.
Low value care, 'Choosing Wisely', over-diagnosis.
Flexible workforce engaged with research evidence, developing the power and engagement of consumers.
Diagnostics, expanding disease definition, ineffective interventions.
Antibiotics as example of overuse of medicines, overuse of interventions and testing, palliative care.
Enhanced monitoring and regulation, shared decision making, reforming disease definitions, clinical decision support, de-implementation.
Alternative delivery models, individualised care, consumer choice, community and home based care.
Conflicts of interest, commercial drivers, waste in research, environmental sustainability.