You are viewing this page as a domestic student.
Change to International

You are a domestic student if you are an Australian citizen, a New Zealand citizen or the holder of an Australian permanent visa.

You are an international student whether you are within or outside Australia and you do not meet the domestic student criteria.

Coronavirus (COVID-19): advice and support for the Bond community. Read more

CRIM12-204: The Australian Criminal Justice System September 2021 [Standard]

General information

This subject considers the main institutions and agencies involved in criminal justice in Australia, namely police, courts and prisons. The subject offers descriptions and data regarding these institutions as well as critical analyses of the agencies involved with reference to particular social groups and crime issues. Some contemporary issues include deaths in custody, the role of juries, mandatory sentencing, notification laws, DNA evidence and restorative justice. The overall emphasis is on gaining knowledge of how these institutions operate and what the current policy implications are. However, we will also examine other justice systems (juvenile justice, restorative, inquisitorial) to provide a basis of comparison with the operations of criminal justice in Australia.


Academic unit:Faculty of Society & Design
Subject code:CRIM12-204
Subject title:The Australian Criminal Justice System
Subject level:Undergraduate
Semester/Year:September 2021
Credit points:10

Delivery & attendance

Delivery mode:


Workload items:
  • Lecture: x12 (Total hours: 24) - Weekly Lecture
  • Tutorial: x12 (Total hours: 12) - Weekly Tutorial
  • Personal Study Hours: x12 (Total hours: 84) - Recommended Study Hours
Attendance and learning activities: Attendance at all classes (lectures and tutorials) is essential for those students who want to do well in this subject. The tutorials will involve practical application of the material covered in lectures, and so attendance is paramount.


Prescribed resources:
  • Mark Findlay,Stephen Odgers,Stanley Yeo (2014). Australian Criminal Justice. Oxford University Press , 576.
After enrolment, students can check the Books and Tools area in iLearn for the full Resource List.
[email protected] & Email:[email protected] is the online learning environment at Bond University and is used to provide access to subject materials, lecture recordings and detailed subject information regarding the subject curriculum, assessment and timing. Both iLearn and the Student Email facility are used to provide important subject notifications. Additionally, official correspondence from the University will be forwarded to students’ Bond email account and must be monitored by the student.

To access these services, log on to the Student Portal from the Bond University website as

Enrolment requirements

Requisites: ?


Restrictions: ?


Assurance of learning

Assurance of Learning means that universities take responsibility for creating, monitoring and updating curriculum, teaching and assessment so that students graduate with the knowledge, skills and attributes they need for employability and/or further study.

At Bond University, we carefully develop subject and program outcomes to ensure that student learning in each subject contributes to the whole student experience. Students are encouraged to carefully read and consider subject and program outcomes as combined elements.

Program Learning Outcomes (PLOs)

Program Learning Outcomes provide a broad and measurable set of standards that incorporate a range of knowledge and skills that will be achieved on completion of the program. If you are undertaking this subject as part of a degree program, you should refer to the relevant degree program outcomes and graduate attributes as they relate to this subject.

Find your program

Subject Learning Outcomes (SLOs)

On successful completion of this subject the learner will be able to:
  1. Describe the processes involved in the justice system.
  2. Appraise new developments in justice processes (such as drug courts).
  3. Critically discuss contemporary criminal justice issues (such as lock-out laws).


Assessment details

TypeTask%Timing*Outcomes assessed
Oral Pitch Individual Presentation 50% Ongoing 1, 2, 3.
Online Quiz Online Test covering content for Weeks 1 to 6 25% Week 7 1, 2, 3.
Online Quiz Online Test covering content for Weeks 7 to 12 25% Week 12 1, 2, 3.
  • * Assessment timing is indicative of the week that the assessment is due or begins (where conducted over multiple weeks), and is based on the standard University academic calendar
  • C = Students must reach a level of competency to successfully complete this assessment.

Assessment criteria

High Distinction 85-100 Outstanding or exemplary performance in the following areas: interpretative ability; intellectual initiative in response to questions; mastery of the skills required by the subject, general levels of knowledge and analytic ability or clear thinking.
Distinction 75-84 Usually awarded to students whose performance goes well beyond the minimum requirements set for tasks required in assessment, and who perform well in most of the above areas.
Credit 65-74 Usually awarded to students whose performance is considered to go beyond the minimum requirements for work set for assessment. Assessable work is typically characterised by a strong performance in some of the capacities listed above.
Pass 50-64 Usually awarded to students whose performance meets the requirements set for work provided for assessment.
Fail 0-49 Usually awarded to students whose performance is not considered to meet the minimum requirements set for particular tasks. The fail grade may be a result of insufficient preparation, of inattention to assignment guidelines or lack of academic ability. A frequent cause of failure is lack of attention to subject or assignment guidelines.

Quality assurance

For the purposes of quality assurance, Bond University conducts an evaluation process to measure and document student assessment as evidence of the extent to which program and subject learning outcomes are achieved. Some examples of student work will be retained for potential research and quality auditing purposes only. Any student work used will be treated confidentially and no student grades will be affected.

Study information

Submission procedures

Students must check the [email protected] subject site for detailed assessment information and submission procedures.

Policy on late submission and extensions

A student who has not established a basis for an extension in compliance with University and Faculty policy either by 1) not applying before the assessment due date or 2) by having an application rejected due to failure to show a justifiable cause for an extension, will receive a penalty on assessment submitted after its due date. The penalty will be 10% of marks awarded to that assessment for every day late, with the first day counted after the required submission time has passed. No assessment will be accepted for consideration seven calendar days after the due date. Where a student has been granted an extension, the late penalty starts from the new due date and time set out in the extension.

Policy on plagiarism

University’s Academic Integrity Policy defines plagiarism as the act of misrepresenting as one’s own original work: another’s ideas, interpretations, words, or creative works; and/or one’s own previous ideas, interpretations, words, or creative work without acknowledging that it was used previously (i.e., self-plagiarism). The University considers the act of plagiarising to be a breach of the Student Conduct Code and, therefore, subject to the Discipline Regulations which provide for a range of penalties including the reduction of marks or grades, fines and suspension from the University.

Bond University utilises Originality Reporting software to inform academic integrity.

Feedback on assessment

Feedback on assessment will be provided to students within two weeks of the assessment submission due date, as per the Assessment Policy.

Disability support

If you have a disability, illness, injury or health condition that impacts your capacity to complete studies, exams or assessment tasks, it is important you let us know your special requirements, early in the semester. Students will need to make an application for support and submit it with recent, comprehensive documentation at an appointment with a Disability Officer. Students with a disability are encouraged to contact the Disability Office at the earliest possible time, to meet staff and learn about the services available to meet your specific needs. Please note that late notification or failure to disclose your disability can be to your disadvantage as the University cannot guarantee support under such circumstances.

Subject curriculum

Overview of the subject and the main agencies of criminal justice in Australia; tutorials commence; no set readings

1, 2, 3.

Examines the notion of culpability in the law and factors that mitigate or exacerbate responsibility; read Chapter 1

1, 2, 3.

Focuses on police as a formal agency of crime control and discusses criminal procedures and issues; oral presentations commence in tutorials; read Chapter 2

1, 2, 3.

Evaluates other investigatory bodies that are adjunct to the criminal justice system in Australia; oral presentations continue in tutorials; read Chapter 3

1, 2, 3.

Addresses the court system (levels, procedures, hearings); oral presentations continue in tutorials; read Chapters 4 and 5

1, 2, 3.

Appraises laws surrounding evidence and relevant empirical studies (for example on DNA evidence); oral presentations continue in tutorials; read Chapter 6

1, 2, 3.

Canvasses the principles of punishment and the range of penalty options available in Australian jurisdictions; oral presentations continue in tutorials; first online quiz will be available; read Chapter 7

1, 2, 3.

Examines the ways that principles of punishment and penalty options are applied via research studies on sentencing for specific groups; oral presentations continue in tutorials; read Chapter 8

1, 2, 3.

Covers justice proceedings involved in the appeals process drawing on case studies; oral presentations continue in tutorials; read Chapter 9

1, 2, 3.

Interrogates the treatment of particular groups in the criminal justice system (women, Indigenous, youth, mentally ill) and presents relevant research results; oral presentations continue in tutorials; read Chapter 10

1, 2, 3.

Compares new developments in alternative justice practices (for example restorative and therapeutic); oral presentations continue in tutorials; read article via link on iLearn

1, 2, 3.

Examines case studies and research on wrongful convictions and critically appraises remedies to miscarriages of justice; oral presentations conclude in tutorials; final online quiz will be available; read article via link on iLearn

1, 2, 3.
Approved on: Jul 7, 2021. Edition: 3.5