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PHTY71-404: Physiotherapy: Musculoskeletal 2 May 2020 [Standard]

General information

This subject builds upon the knowledge and skills attained in Physiotherapy: Musculoskeletal 1. Students will gain proficiency in the assessment, differential diagnosis and management of clients with an emphasis on musculoskeletal conditions of the vertebral and peripheral systems. The impact of different conditions across the lifespan will be considered wherever appropriate. Students will continue to develop their client interview, physical examination and differential diagnostic skills to enable accurate and efficient assessment and treatment in an outpatient setting. The appropriate involvement of the healthcare team will be considered. An evidence based approach will form the basis for this subject.


Academic unit:Faculty of Health Sciences and Medicine
Subject code:PHTY71-404
Subject title:Physiotherapy: Musculoskeletal 2
Subject level:Postgraduate
Semester/Year:May 2020
Credit points:10

Delivery & attendance

Delivery mode:


Workload items:
  • Workshop: x18 (Total hours: 54) - Resource Sessions
  • Tutorial: x8 (Total hours: 20) - Tutorial
  • Personal Study Hours: x12 (Total hours: 46) - Recommended study hours
Attendance and learning activities: LEARNING ACTIVITIES Learning activities include a combination of Problem Based Learning tutorials, resource (practical) sessions, screencasts, self-directed learning, student led seminars and patient / client clinical visits. PBL tutorials are central to the learning process in this subject. Students in small groups (7-10 students per group) will have opportunity, guided by a facilitator, to plan learning experiences, gain knowledge and use clinical reasoning to apply and integrate that knowledge in a relevant context. This approach to learning is designed to facilitate development of self-directed learning, ability to work effectively in groups and professionalism. The resource sessions will provide students with the opportunity to acquire psychomotor skills needed to complement the knowledge base developed in the problem-based learning tutorials. Group seminar presentations will encourage students to research musculoskeletal orthopaedic conditions in depth, focusing on evidence based and current assessment and management guidelines and to refine their presentation skills. STUDENT LEARNING RESPONSIBILITIES Students are expected to take a significant level of responsibility for their own learning. Students are encouraged throughout the subject to take the initiative to identify, apply and integrate material from other subjects and other sources to the present subject. Students will engage in problem- based learning tutorials and will be responsible for being pro-active learners in small groups. Students will be expected to practice and reflect on their performance, particularly in PBL and resource sessions. Bond University forwarded your name to AHPRA in your first semester of enrolment, stating that you are a current physiotherapy student undertaking the DPhty Program. This means that you are now being educated within the legal framework for practice as a physiotherapy student, and that you are aware of, and have embraced the professional behaviour and attitudes required of all health professionals. It is essential to embrace the Doctor of Physiotherapy (DPhty) Program Charter that you signed at the start of the DPhty Program. Professional behaviour and appropriate professional attitudes must be evident in all learning activities (PBL sessions, resource sessions, off-site visits) and can be grounds for disciplinary action, including failure in this subject, if you do not embrace these expectations of the physiotherapy profession. (Please refer to the DPhty Program Charter for details). There are four elements of professional behaviour that need to be evident and will be monitored in all learning activities: 1) Respect – demonstrated through attitude to Self / Peers / Educators 2) Responsibility – you are required to: attend all learning activities – all absences require a Leave of Absence form to be completed and submitted to the Course Co-ordinator*: be punctual and implement appropriate actions if you are late; actively participate in all activities; show initiative and be accountable for your behaviours and actions. 3) Communication – appropriate verbal and non-verbal behaviour is required when communicating with peers / educators (patients and clinical educators in the clinical setting) 4) Self-awareness and capacity to reflect and self-evaluate need to be displayed *Please refer to the DPhty Program Charter for details of the requirement to complete the appropriate ‘Leave of Absence Form’ to have any planned or unplanned absences approved. Should you breach these guidelines then your educators will consult with the subject convenor / Head of Program. The Head of Program may: - Implement a mentoring program - Give an informal warning - Refer to the Associate Dean of Student Affairs and Service Quality (ADSA) for review and attention The outcomes of these steps may result in: - An informal warning and monitor progress - A formal warning - Grade penalties - Marks which could impact on Grades - Referral to the Dean / Faculty for disciplinary procedures


Prescribed resources:
  • Magee DJ (2008). Orthopaedic Physical Assessment. 6th Ed, Elsevier
  • AUT Enterprises Ltd (2013). Dynamic Spine. [Application] iTunes.
After enrolment, students can check the Books and Tools area in iLearn for the full Resource List.
[email protected] & Email:[email protected] is the online learning environment at Bond University and is used to provide access to subject materials, lecture recordings and detailed subject information regarding the subject curriculum, assessment and timing. Both iLearn and the Student Email facility are used to provide important subject notifications. Additionally, official correspondence from the University will be forwarded to students’ Bond email account and must be monitored by the student.

To access these services, log on to the Student Portal from the Bond University website as

Enrolment requirements

Requisites: ?


Assumed knowledge:

Assumed knowledge is the minimum level of knowledge of a subject area that students are assumed to have acquired through previous study. It is the responsibility of students to ensure they meet the assumed knowledge expectations of the subject. Students who do not possess this prior knowledge are strongly recommended against enrolling and do so at their own risk. No concessions will be made for students’ lack of prior knowledge.

And/or equivalent to previous version subjects PHTY91-408 Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy 1 PHTY91-410 Principles of Physiotherapy

Restrictions: ? This subject is not available to
  • Study Abroad Students

This subject is not available as a general elective. To be eligible for enrolment, the subject must be specified in the students’ program structure.

Anti-requisites: ?

  • PHTY92-415 Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy II

Assurance of learning

Assurance of Learning means that universities take responsibility for creating, monitoring and updating curriculum, teaching and assessment so that students graduate with the knowledge, skills and attributes they need for employability and/or further study.

At Bond University, we carefully develop subject and program outcomes to ensure that student learning in each subject contributes to the whole student experience. Students are encouraged to carefully read and consider subject and program outcomes as combined elements.

Program Learning Outcomes (PLOs)

Program Learning Outcomes provide a broad and measurable set of standards that incorporate a range of knowledge and skills that will be achieved on completion of the program. If you are undertaking this subject as part of a degree program, you should refer to the relevant degree program outcomes and graduate attributes as they relate to this subject.

Find your program

Subject Learning Outcomes (SLOs)

On successful completion of this subject the learner will be able to:
  1. Explain the pathogenesis and common signs and symptoms of musculoskeletal conditions across the lifespan, using knowledge of anatomy, physiology, biomechanics and psychosocial factors.
  2. Conduct a client interview, including informed consent, analysis of findings and proposal of a provisional diagnosis for musculoskeletal conditions of the vertebral column, and peripheral systems.
  3. Plan and perform an appropriate physical examination safely, based on the provisional diagnosis for vertebral, upper and low limb musculoskeletal conditions (including fractures in the immobilisation or post immobilisation phase, spinal surgery, rheumatological, degenerative, overuse or traumatic conditions and pre and post joint replacement).
  4. Interpret and prioritise assessment results to confirm the primary provisional diagnosis and design an appropriate treatment intervention using evidence based rationale to meet short- and long-term client goals.
  5. Perform, analyse and modify treatment interventions safely, efficiently and effectively, with informed consent. These interventions will include manual therapy, exercise therapy, health maintenance and promotion, and behavioural interventions to maximise treatment compliance.
  6. Select appropriate outcome measures to evaluate treatment intervention effectiveness and if necessary, modify the intervention using clinical reasoning and knowledge of the evidence for practice.
  7. Accurately document physiotherapy assessment, treatment, goals, handover notes and discharge plans in the legal format required by relevant institutions (out-patient, community and private practice settings).
  8. Explain the scope of practice of physiotherapy and interaction with members of the healthcare team in the management of persons with musculoskeletal conditions in the outpatient and community clinical settings.
  9. Demonstrate effective collaborative leadership and teaching skills, with a commitment to learning and evidence based practice within a healthcare team.


Assessment details

TypeTask%Timing*Outcomes assessed
*Technical Skills Test ^ OSCE - Semester 211 assessment within week commencing 1st March 2021 50% Ongoing 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9.
*In-Class Quiz - Individual ^ Clinical Reasoning iLearn Quiz, 30 minutes, Semester 211 week of 1st March 2021 10% Ongoing 1, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9.
*Showcase Portfolio ^ The portfolio will be linked to subject content delivered in the subject occurring in Semester 202. Submission deadline Friday 31st July 2020 3pm 30% Week 10 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9.
*Seminar Presentation ^ 5 x 5 Seminar presentation to assess content delivered in Semester 202. iLearn submission deadline Monday 27th July 2020, 3pm. 10% Week 10 1, 4, 6, 7, 8.

Pass requirement

Students must achieve a Pass grade or better in all assessment items to pass this subject.

  • ^ Students must pass this assessment to pass the subject
  • * Assessment timing is indicative of the week that the assessment is due or begins (where conducted over multiple weeks), and is based on the standard University academic calendar
  • C = Students must reach a level of competency to successfully complete this assessment.

Assessment criteria

High Distinction 85-100 Outstanding or exemplary performance in the following areas: interpretative ability; intellectual initiative in response to questions; mastery of the skills required by the subject, general levels of knowledge and analytic ability or clear thinking.
Distinction 75-84 Usually awarded to students whose performance goes well beyond the minimum requirements set for tasks required in assessment, and who perform well in most of the above areas.
Credit 65-74 Usually awarded to students whose performance is considered to go beyond the minimum requirements for work set for assessment. Assessable work is typically characterised by a strong performance in some of the capacities listed above.
Pass 50-64 Usually awarded to students whose performance meets the requirements set for work provided for assessment.
Fail 0-49 Usually awarded to students whose performance is not considered to meet the minimum requirements set for particular tasks. The fail grade may be a result of insufficient preparation, of inattention to assignment guidelines or lack of academic ability. A frequent cause of failure is lack of attention to subject or assignment guidelines.

Quality assurance

For the purposes of quality assurance, Bond University conducts an evaluation process to measure and document student assessment as evidence of the extent to which program and subject learning outcomes are achieved. Some examples of student work will be retained for potential research and quality auditing purposes only. Any student work used will be treated confidentially and no student grades will be affected.

Study information

Submission procedures

Students must check the [email protected] subject site for detailed assessment information and submission procedures.

Policy on late submission and extensions

A late penalty will be applied to all overdue assessment tasks unless an extension is granted by the subject convenor. The standard penalty will be 10% of marks awarded to that assessment per day late with no assessment to be accepted seven days after the due date. Where a student is granted an extension, the penalty of 10% per day late starts from the new due date.

Policy on plagiarism

University’s Academic Integrity Policy defines plagiarism as the act of misrepresenting as one’s own original work: another’s ideas, interpretations, words, or creative works; and/or one’s own previous ideas, interpretations, words, or creative work without acknowledging that it was used previously (i.e., self-plagiarism). The University considers the act of plagiarising to be a breach of the Student Conduct Code and, therefore, subject to the Discipline Regulations which provide for a range of penalties including the reduction of marks or grades, fines and suspension from the University.

Bond University utilises Originality Reporting software to inform academic integrity.

Feedback on assessment

Feedback on assessment will be provided to students within two weeks of the assessment submission due date, as per the Assessment Policy.

Disability support

If you have a disability, illness, injury or health condition that impacts your capacity to complete studies, exams or assessment tasks, it is important you let us know your special requirements, early in the semester. Students will need to make an application for support and submit it with recent, comprehensive documentation at an appointment with a Disability Officer. Students with a disability are encouraged to contact the Disability Office at the earliest possible time, to meet staff and learn about the services available to meet your specific needs. Please note that late notification or failure to disclose your disability can be to your disadvantage as the University cannot guarantee support under such circumstances.

Additional subject information

This subject aims to address the Physiotherapy Practice Thresholds in Australia and Aotearoa New Zealand. (Please refer to the subject supplement guide for mapping of the subject Learning Outcomes to the Physiotherapy Roles and Key Competencies outlined in the Physiotherapy Practice Thresholds in Australia and Aotearoa New Zealand).

Subject curriculum

Role of the physiotherapist in the management of clients with upper cervical spine disorders; introduction to spinal manual therapy; introduction to assessment and management of the vertebral column; and differential diagnosis of the upper cervical spine.

Role of the physiotherapist in the management of clients with mid and lower cervical and cervico-thoracic junction disorders; including assessment and management of the peripheral nervous system and differential diagnosis of conditions affecting the upper limb.

Role of the physiotherapist in the management of clients with thoracic and rib disorders.

Role of the physiotherapist in the management of clients with acute low back pain; introduction to stratified models of patient management for musculoskeletal disorders; functional exercise based treatment and prevention strategies for vertebral and peripheral musculoskeletal disorders; assessment and management of lumbar, sacroiliac and hip disorders; and introduction to the management of chronic low back pain.

Role of the physiotherapist in the management of clients with common peripheral joint presentations.

Approved on: Apr 28, 2020. Edition: 3.0