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HPER71-111: Health Systems: Australia and International September 2020 [Standard - Health Systems:Australia and International]

General information

To navigate, lead and innovate within health systems, it is essential to understand how these systems are structured and operate. This subject will consider the broad socioeconomic contexts, organisational frameworks and funding arrangements of Australian and selected international health systems. The way in which the diverse population interacts with and uses healthcare services will be explored to promote equitable systems. Graduates of this subject will be able to compare and understand health systems, and the factors affecting patient access and outcomes.


Academic unit:Faculty of Health Sciences and Medicine
Subject code:HPER71-111
Subject title:Health Systems: Australia and International
Subject level:Postgraduate
Semester/Year:September 2020
Credit points:10

Delivery & attendance

Delivery mode:


Workload items:
  • Workshop: x3 (Total hours: 24) - Intensive Workshops
  • Tutorial: x10 (Total hours: 20) - Self-paced on-line tutorials
  • Personal Study Hours: x1 (Total hours: 76) - Personal Study Hours
Attendance and learning activities: Students will have access to 10 weeks of self-paced online modules, and are required to attend a 3-day intensive workshop on campus.


Prescribed resources:
  • Papanicolas, I., & Smith, P. (2013) (2013). Health System Performance Comparison: An agenda for policy, information and research - available on-line.
After enrolment, students can check the Books and Tools area in iLearn for the full Resource List.
[email protected] & Email:[email protected] is the online learning environment at Bond University and is used to provide access to subject materials, lecture recordings and detailed subject information regarding the subject curriculum, assessment and timing. Both iLearn and the Student Email facility are used to provide important subject notifications. Additionally, official correspondence from the University will be forwarded to students’ Bond email account and must be monitored by the student.

To access these services, log on to the Student Portal from the Bond University website as

Enrolment requirements

Requisites: ?


Restrictions: ?


Assurance of learning

Assurance of Learning means that universities take responsibility for creating, monitoring and updating curriculum, teaching and assessment so that students graduate with the knowledge, skills and attributes they need for employability and/or further study.

At Bond University, we carefully develop subject and program outcomes to ensure that student learning in each subject contributes to the whole student experience. Students are encouraged to carefully read and consider subject and program outcomes as combined elements.

Program Learning Outcomes (PLOs)

Program Learning Outcomes provide a broad and measurable set of standards that incorporate a range of knowledge and skills that will be achieved on completion of the program. If you are undertaking this subject as part of a degree program, you should refer to the relevant degree program outcomes and graduate attributes as they relate to this subject.

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Subject Learning Outcomes (SLOs)

On successful completion of this subject the learner will be able to:
  1. Describe the Australian healthcare system and identify the key drivers for health system reform.
  2. Contrast the Australian health system in the context of international comparators.
  3. Describe the key social determinants of health.
  4. Understand the impact of the social determinants of health on healthcare access.
  5. Evaluate the impact of healthcare governance on the Australian health system.
  6. Critically analyse health systems and interventions from a health economics perspective.


Assessment details

TypeTask%Timing*Outcomes assessed
Presentation § Oral presentation - social determinants of health (Group) 30% Week 4 3, 4.
Written Report Written report - comparison of healthcare systems 35% Week 8 1, 2, 5.
Case Study Healthcare system governance and health economics analysis 35% Week 12 1, 5, 6.
  • § Indicates group/teamwork-based assessment
  • * Assessment timing is indicative of the week that the assessment is due or begins (where conducted over multiple weeks), and is based on the standard University academic calendar
  • C = Students must reach a level of competency to successfully complete this assessment.

Assessment criteria

High Distinction 85-100 Outstanding or exemplary performance in the following areas: interpretative ability; intellectual initiative in response to questions; mastery of the skills required by the subject, general levels of knowledge and analytic ability or clear thinking.
Distinction 75-84 Usually awarded to students whose performance goes well beyond the minimum requirements set for tasks required in assessment, and who perform well in most of the above areas.
Credit 65-74 Usually awarded to students whose performance is considered to go beyond the minimum requirements for work set for assessment. Assessable work is typically characterised by a strong performance in some of the capacities listed above.
Pass 50-64 Usually awarded to students whose performance meets the requirements set for work provided for assessment.
Fail 0-49 Usually awarded to students whose performance is not considered to meet the minimum requirements set for particular tasks. The fail grade may be a result of insufficient preparation, of inattention to assignment guidelines or lack of academic ability. A frequent cause of failure is lack of attention to subject or assignment guidelines.

Quality assurance

For the purposes of quality assurance, Bond University conducts an evaluation process to measure and document student assessment as evidence of the extent to which program and subject learning outcomes are achieved. Some examples of student work will be retained for potential research and quality auditing purposes only. Any student work used will be treated confidentially and no student grades will be affected.

Study information

Submission procedures

Students must check the [email protected] subject site for detailed assessment information and submission procedures.

Policy on late submission and extensions

A late penalty will be applied to all overdue assessment tasks unless an extension is granted by the subject coordinator. The standard penalty will be 10% of marks awarded to that assessment per day late with no assessment to be accepted seven days after the due date. Where a student is granted an extension, the penalty of 10% per day late starts from the new due date.

Policy on plagiarism

The University’s Academic Integrity Policy defines plagiarism as the act of misrepresenting as one's own original work: another’s ideas, interpretations, words, or creative works; and/or one’s own previous ideas, interpretations, words, or creative work without acknowledging that it was used previously (i.e., self-plagiarism). The University considers the act of plagiarising to be a breach of the Student Conduct Code and, therefore, subject to the Discipline Regulations which provide for a range of penalties including the reduction of marks or grades, fines and suspension from the University.

Bond University utilises Originality Reporting software to inform academic integrity.

Feedback on assessment

Feedback on assessment will be provided to students within two weeks of the assessment submission due date, as per the Assessment Policy.

Disability support

If you have a disability, illness, injury or health condition that impacts your capacity to complete studies, exams or assessment tasks, it is important you let us know your special requirements, early in the semester. Students will need to make an application for support and submit it with recent, comprehensive documentation at an appointment with a Disability Officer. Students with a disability are encouraged to contact the Disability Office at the earliest possible time, to meet staff and learn about the services available to meet your specific needs. Please note that late notification or failure to disclose your disability can be to your disadvantage as the University cannot guarantee support under such circumstances.

Subject curriculum

An overview of Australia's health system, funding and roles of different levels of government.

Social determinants of health and their influence on healthcare access and health outcomes.

Understand the importance of benchmarking and explore frameworks for benchmarking health systems.

Explore international frameworks for health system comparisons.

Understand the theory of health system comparison and compare Australia's health system to an international comparator.

Understand health system governance and its impact on quality and safety.

Explore health economics and its impact on health policy and health systems.

Delve deeper into health system funding and government regulations.

Consider confidentiality and ethics from a health systems perspective.

Gain a deeper understanding of the ways in which healthcare innovations can improve health service delivery.

Approved on: Sep 8, 2020. Edition: 6.3