Academic integrity and research integrity
Academic integrity involves upholding ethical standards in all aspects of academic work, including learning, teaching and research. It involves acting with the principles of honesty, fairness, trust, and responsibility and requires respect for knowledge and its development. Academic integrity is foundational to the work of the whole academic community, including students, educators, researchers, coordinators, and administrators.
Research integrity involves upholding ethical standards in all aspects of research. It involves acting with the principles of honesty, fairness, trust, and responsibility and requires respect for knowledge and its development. Research integrity is foundational to the work of the academic community and applies in all areas of research endeavour including research data planning, security and storage, authorship, publication and reporting, and management of conflicts of interest.
Why is this important?
Commitment to the principles of academic integrity facilitates the acquisition of knowledge, skills, ethics, and professional competencies needed to succeed in the world of work and engage with the global community. When a student participates in academic misconduct, they undermine the learning outcomes of their program of study and jeopardise their readiness for the workplace. In addition, the University's reputation may be compromised, as the student’s academic achievement is not accurately represented.
Research integrity requires all researchers to adhere to the highest principles of honesty and accuracy so that the total body of knowledge increases without distortion of the truth. Bond University is proud of its research record and committed to safeguarding its reputation in the global academic community by ensuring that researchers engage in research to the highest standards of professional conduct.
What is academic misconduct and research misconduct?
Academic misconduct, whether inadvertent or deliberate, includes the failure to comply with the regulations, policies and procedures determining the conduct of candidates during assessment including plagiarism and cheating; falsification or misrepresentation of academic records; and other actions that are judged to be acts of academic misconduct (Schedule A - Definitions, Bond University Discipline Regulations). See also Schedule B - Student Code of Conduct in these Regulations for further definition.
Research misconduct is a failure to adhere to high standards of professional conduct and integrity and to the principles contained in the Research Code of Conduct Policy, Research Misconduct Policy, Research Data Management and Sharing Policy, and the Australian Code for the Responsible Conduct of Research (2007).
University academic and research misconduct management framework
The University is committed to managing allegations of academic and research misconduct in an equitable, consistent, transparent, and timely manner. For detailed processes refer to the Academic misconduct management flowchart and the Research misconduct management flowchart.
The Bond University Student Code of Conduct details forms of academic misconduct.
See the Academic Misconduct Determination & Outcomes Guidelines for levels, characteristics and examples of academic misconduct and poor scholarship.
Examples of research misconduct include:
Fabrication of results
Fabrication is the intentional misrepresentation of research results by, for example:
- reporting experiments/surveys that were never conducted
- outright manufacture of data.
Falsification or misrepresentation of results
Falsification or misrepresentation of results is manipulating research materials, equipment or processes, or changing or omitting data or results, such that the research is not accurately represented in the research outcomes.
Plagiarism (check out Did I Plagiarise?)
Plagiarism is misrepresenting as one's own original work:
- another’s ideas, interpretations, words, or creative works and/or
- one’s own previous ideas, interpretations, words, or creative work without acknowledging that it was used previously (i.e., self-plagiarism).
These ideas, interpretations, words, or works may be found in published and unpublished documents, print and/or electronic media, designs, music, sounds, images, photographs or computer codes, or gained through working in a group. (Schedule A - Definitions, Bond University Discipline Regulations)
Misleading ascription of authorship
Misleading ascription of authorship contravenes the authorship protocols outlined in the Research Data Management and Sharing Policy and includes, for example:
- listing authors without their permission
- attributing authorship to anyone who has not contributed to the research
- lack of appropriate acknowledgment of work contributed by others.
Bond University utilises an online text-matching service which operates through iLearn. Documents submitted via iLearn are automatically checked for originality against documents from other sources: for example, documents available for public access on the Internet, major library databases, a Bond University institutional document archive (containing all assignments submitted via iLearn by Bond staff and students), and a global reference database, which contains documents submitted by other institutions around the world.
Once the document has been checked, a report is generated and automatically made available via iLearn. The report shows which, if any, text in the submitted document matches text from other documents.
This service can help educators identify plagiarism by detecting unoriginal content in student papers. In addition to acting as a plagiarism deterrent, it also has features designed to aid in educating students about plagiarism and the importance of proper attribution of any borrowed content.
The plagiarism detection software functionality is part of the Assignment tool in iLearn. This allows student assessments to be submitted through iLearn for both individual and group assignments.
Academic staff can also add papers to the institutional database so that future submissions are checked against these papers.
Any person may report possible academic misconduct to the Faculty Associate Dean Student Affairs & Service Quality. The processes for managing allegations of Academic Misconduct are outlined in the Academic Integrity Policy. See also the Academic misconduct management flowchart.
Any person may report possible research misconduct to the Faculty Research Integrity Advisor, Faculty Associate Dean (Research), or Office of Research Services. The processes for managing allegations of research misconduct are outlined in the Research Misconduct Policy. See the Research misconduct management flowchart.